Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 1509–1515 | Cite as

Experimental and Simulated Analysis of Failure Mechanism of 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb Stainless Steel Blade

  • Jie XuEmail author
  • Lei Zhang
  • Yanlong Wang
  • Weiwei Gu
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Severe localized serious cracks of 0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb alloy turbine blades after years of service are analyzed by means of the macro-morphology, micro-morphology (SEM) and energy dispersion spectrum (EDS). The centrifugal stress and vibration characteristics of the blades are calculated and analyzed under the prestressed condition by finite element simulation. The results show that the failure of the blades is due to the stress corrosion mainly. The impeller blade system cannot avoid the region of “triple points” resonance during the actual operation, and torsional deformation occurs under this vibration stress. Stress concentration leads to the crack initiation and propagation, and fatigue cracks appear and then propagate. Corrosive elements of O, Na and S found on the surface of fracture will accelerate the corrosion.


0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb alloy steel Turbine blades Stress corrosion Vibration characteristics 



This work was financially supported by the Education Department Foundation in Shaanxi, China (No. 18JK0348), Xi’an Polytechnic University Foundation in Shaanxi, China (No. 107020023).


  1. 1.
    P. Balachandra Shetty, R.K. Mishra, S.S. Prithvi et al., Finite element approach for failure analysis of a gas turbine. J. Fail. Anal. Prev. 18, 1210–1215 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Cano, J.A. Rodríguez, J.M. Rodríguez et al., Detection of damage in steam turbine blades caused by low cycle and strain cycling fatigue. Eng. Fail. Anal. 97, 579–588 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    W.Q. Huang, X.G. Yang, S.L. Li, Evaluation of service-induced microstructural damage for directionally solidified turbine blade of aircraft engine. Rare Met. 38, 157–164 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Poursaeidi, A.M. Niaei, M. Lashgari et al., Experimental studies of erosion and corrosion interaction in an axial compressor first stage rotating blade material. Appl. Phys. A-Mater 124, 10–14 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Kermanpur, H.S. Amin, S. Ziaei-Rad et al., Failure analysis of Ti6Al4V gas turbine compressor blades. Eng. Fail. Anal. 15, 1052–1064 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Q. Li, Z.Y. Liu, L. Lu et al., Failure analysis of ZG06Cr13Ni4Mo stainless steel hydraulic turbine blades. Corros. Sci. Prot. Technol. 26, 249–253 (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Asadikouhanjani, M. Torfeh, R. Ghorbanf, Failure analysis of a heavy duty gas turbine blade. Strength Mater 46, 608–612 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. Hendrik, E. Dennis, S. Jayendran et al., Accelerated cathodic reaction in microbial corrosion of iron due to direct electron uptake by sulfate-reducing bacteria. Corros. Sci. 66, 88 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Z.P. Wang, D.L. Fu, Y. Zhong, Study on the effect of impeller on vibration characteristics of blades of turbines. Noise Vib. Control 34, 94–96 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. Poursaeidi, A.M. Niaei, M. Arablu et al., Experimental investigation on erosion performance and wear factors of custom 450 steel as the first row blade material of an axial compressor. Int. J. Surf. Sci. Eng. 11, 85–99 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.A. Segura, L. Castro, I. Rosales et al., Diagnostic and failure analysis in blades of a 300 MW steam turbine. Eng. Fail. Anal. 82, 631–641 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Kovacs, T. Beck, L. Singheiser, Influence of mean stresses on fatigue life and damage of a turbine blade steel in the VHCF-regime. Int. J. Fatigue 49, 90–99 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.A. Hamed, W. Tabakoff, R.B. Rivir et al., Turbine blade surface deterioration by erosion. J. Turbomach. 127, 445–452 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Kanesund, H. Brodin, S. Johansson, Hot corrosion influence on deformation and damage mechanisms in turbine blades made of IN-792 during service. Eng. Fail. Anal. 96, 118–129 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Rani, A.K. Agrawal, V. Rastogi, Vibration analysis for detecting failure mode and crack location in first stage gas turbine blade. J. Mech. Sci. Technol. 33, 1–10 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    W.S. Zhao, H. Li, M.X. Xue et al., Vibration analysis for failure detection in low pressure steam turbine blades in nuclear power plant. Eng. Fail. Anal. 84, 11–24 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Madhavan, R. Jain, C. Sujatha et al., Vibration based damage detection of rotor blades in a gas turbine engine. Eng. Fail. Anal. 46, 26–39 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G.C. Tsai, Rotating vibration behavior of the turbine blades with different groups of blades. J. Sound Vib. 271, 547–575 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. Poursaeidi, A. Babaei, Arhani, M.R. Mohammadi et al., Effects of natural frequencies on the failure of R1 compressor blades. Eng. Fail. Anal. 25, 304–315 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Kumar, N. Roy, R. Ganguli, Monitoring low cycle fatigue damage in turbine blade using vibration characteristics. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 21, 480–501 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D.S. Li, S.C.M. Ho, G.B. Song et al., A review of damage detection methods for wind turbine blades. Smart Mater. Struct. 24, 104–115 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringXi’an Polytechnic UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Xi’an Thermal Power Research Institute Co., LtdXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations