Finite Element Analysis of Hydrogen Transport in Steel Pressure Vessel at Room Temperature
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Hydrogen embrittlement is commonly considered as an important failure mechanism for steel pressure vessels and pipes made of such as Cr–Mo and 4130X steels under high-pressure hydrogen environments, which means hydrogen atom can easily penetrate and diffuse into the metal, leading to the distortion of microscopic lattice and the degradation of macroscopic strength and fracture toughness. Under the support of the National Key Fundamental Research and Development Project of China (2015.1-2019.12), we aim to launch a series of theoretical, experimental, and numerical research on the macroscopic damage evolution and microscopic fracture of steel structures under high-pressure hydrogen environment, which ultimately commits to gaining deep insight into the hydrogen embrittlement mechanisms. This work studies the hydrogen transport mechanisms in Cr–Mo steel pressure vessels under different hydrogen environments using finite element analysis (FEA), which is fundamental to subsequent research on the hydrogen-induced damage evolution and crack behaviors. The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of the initial hydrogen concentrations and structural sizes on the hydrogen transport mechanisms in 2.25Cr-1Mo pressure vessels with a nozzle at room temperature. Numerical results by comparing different hydrogen concentration distributions show that structural discontinuities tend to accelerate the hydrogen embrittlement sensitivity.
KeywordsHydrogen transport Cr–Mo steel pressure vessel Finite element analysis (FEA)
All authors would sincerely appreciate the support of the National Program on Key Basic Research Project of China (973 Program, No. 2015CB057601) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.
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