Effects of Interface Bonding on the Residual Stresses in Cold-Sprayed Al-6061: A Numerical Investigation
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A contact model that accounts for interfacial cohesion and thermal conduction is developed to investigate the influence of bonding on the final residual stresses build-up in cold spray. The residual stress evolution in the cold-sprayed Al-6061 coating on an Al-6061 substrate is investigated via three-dimensional single-particle and multi-particle impact simulations. It is shown that the interface bonding mainly affects the local residual stress distribution near the interfaces. The residual stresses are largely due to the kinetic peening and bonding effects. The thermal cooling has negligible influence. In general, this work finds that peening introduces compressive stress, while bonding causes relaxation. The balance between the peening and the bonding effects, which depends strongly on the local bonding environment, determines the final residual stress in the system. This work suggests that the interface bonding should be considered as one of the essential factors in numerical modeling of the residual stresses evolution in cold spray.
Keywordsaluminum coating cold spray interface bonding numerical simulation residual stress
This work was sponsored in part by the Army Research Laboratories under the Grant Number W911NF-15-2-0026. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the US Government.
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