Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

, Volume 24, Issue 1–2, pp 24–29 | Cite as

Tailoring the Spray Conditions for Suspension Plasma Spraying

  • A. Joulia
  • W. DuarteEmail author
  • S. Goutier
  • M. Vardelle
  • A. Vardelle
  • S. Rossignol
Peer Reviewed


The plasma spray process using suspensions as liquid feedstock allows the deposition of finely structured coatings with improved properties compared to that of coatings deposited by the conventional plasma spray techniques. The evaporation of the solvent, acceleration, heating, and melting of the fine solid particles within the plasma jet take place in a shorter time, as the substrate is located closer to the plasma torch when a mono-cathode mono-anode plasma torch is used, while the liquid material processing globally consumes more energy than a powder material. Therefore, achieving a coating with the expected properties requires a broad understanding of the process. In this study, a large range of plasma spray conditions have been used to achieve yttria-stabilized zirconia coatings by suspension plasma spraying. The properties of the plasma jet (velocity, enthalpy, and stability) as well as those of droplets (trajectories, number, and size) and particles (velocity) were measured and correlated to the coating microstructure. The operating conditions necessary for obtaining disk-shape splats and achieving homogeneous coatings are described including the plasma jet properties and substrate parameters.


particle velocity plasma velocity suspension plasma spaying voltage fluctuations 



The authors would like to thank the DGA (French Ministry of Defence) and the National R&T program of CNES (French Space Agency) for their financial support.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Joulia
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. Duarte
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. Goutier
    • 1
  • M. Vardelle
    • 1
  • A. Vardelle
    • 1
  • S. Rossignol
    • 1
  1. 1.SPCTS - UMR CNRSLimoges CedexFrance
  2. 2.CNES (French Space Agency)ParisFrance

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