Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

, Volume 21, Issue 3–4, pp 695–705 | Cite as

Spraying of Metallic Powders by Hybrid Gas/Water Torch and the Effects of Inert Gas Shrouding

  • T. Kavka
  • J. Matějíček
  • P. Ctibor
  • M. Hrabovský


A hybrid DC arc plasma torch, combining water and gas stabilization, offers a high flexibility in plasma characteristics. These can be controlled in a wide range by the torch operational parameters, such as arc current and secondary gas flow rate. In this study, their influence on plasma spraying of tungsten and copper was investigated. To suppress the in-flight oxidation of the metals, inert gas shrouding was applied. In-flight particle diagnostics and analysis of free-flight particles and coatings was performed for spraying experiments in the open atmosphere and with argon shrouding. Both in-flight particle behavior and coating properties were found to be sensitive to the torch parameters. The application of shrouding was found to affect particle in-flight parameters, reduce the oxide content in the coatings and generally improve their properties, such as thermal conductivity. However, a different degree of these effects was observed for copper and tungsten.


copper gas shroud hybrid water-gas plasma torch plasma facing materials plasma spraying tungsten 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kavka
    • 1
  • J. Matějíček
    • 2
  • P. Ctibor
    • 2
  • M. Hrabovský
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plasma PhysicsThermal PlasmaPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Plasma PhysicsMaterials EngineeringPragueCzech Republic

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