Journal of Thermal Spray Technology

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 506–511 | Cite as

On-Line Measurement of Plasma-Sprayed Ni-Particles during Impact on a Ti-Surface: Influence of Surface Oxidation

  • M.F. Bahbou
  • P. Nylén
Peer Reviewed


The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of plasma-sprayed Ni5%Al particles on polished and grit-blasted Ti6Al4V samples under oxidized and nonoxidized conditions. For this purpose, measurements of thermal radiation and velocity of individual plasma-sprayed particles were carried out. From the thermal radiation at impact, splat diameter during flattening and temperature evolution during cooling were evaluated. Characteristic parameters related to the quality of contact between the splat and the substrate were retrieved. The flattening speed was introduced to characterize wetting, while the cooling rate was used to characterize solidification. The idea was to get a signature of particle impact for a given surface roughness and oxidation state by identifying parameters which strongly affect the splat behavior. Sieved Ni5%Al powder in a narrow range (+65 −75 μm) was sprayed on four sets of titanium alloy surfaces, consisting of polished and grit-blasted samples, one set had a nonoxidized surface and the other one was oxidized in an oven at 600 °C for two hours. Resulting splats after impact were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, the splats on oxidized surface showed pores in their core and detached fingers at the periphery. The cooling rate and flattening degree significantly increased on the oxidized smooth surface compared to the nonoxidized one. This trend was not found in grit-blasted surfaces, which implies that impact phenomena are different on grit-blasted surfaces than on smooth surfaces thus further work is needed.


coating-substrate interaction plasma spray forming roughness effects splats cooling 



The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge the kind assistance of P. Gougeon who helped in building-up the experimental setup and took part in many discussions and M. Ottosson for his help in construction of the computer program.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity WestTrollhattanSweden
  2. 2.TrollhattanSweden

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