Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 6649–6655 | Cite as

Ethanol Monitoring Gas Sensor Based on Flower-Shaped Copper Sulfide by a Facile Hydrothermal Method for Marine Transportation

  • Dapeng Wang
  • Menghan Sun
  • Guoqing Feng
  • Chengwen SongEmail author


Flower-shaped CuS as a p-type gas-sensing material was synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method in this study. Morphology, structure, and chemical composition of the synthesized CuS gas-sensing material were analyzed by SEM, XRD, XPS, and N2 adsorption adsorption–desorption technique. Gas-sensing properties of the as-prepared CuS sensors were also investigated toward ethanol monitoring. The results showed that the flower-like CuS nanostructures consisted of interconnected nanosheets and exhibited good crystallinity. With the increase in ethanol concentration, the sensitivity of the CuS sensor significantly increased and indicated a roughly linear relationship at the optimal operating temperature of 260 °C. The ethanol-selective characteristics of the CuS sensor against other interfering gases including methanol, benzene, dichloromethane, and hexane were studied, and the gas response of the CuS sensor synthesized at 170 °C toward 100 ppm ethanol was 5.22, which was significantly higher than all the other gases. Moreover, 14-day continuous measurement further confirmed the excellent stability of the CuS sensor.


CuS ethanol gas sensor monitoring 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21476034) and Key Research &Development Project of Liaoning Province (2017308005).


  1. 1.
    W. Zhang, W. Deng, and W. Li, Statistical Properties of Links of Network: A Survey on the Shipping Lines of Worldwide Marine Transport Network, Phys. A, 2018, 502, p 218–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.R. Rahman, J.T.S. Allan, M.Z. Ghavidel, L.E. Prest, F.S. Saleh, and E.B. Easton, The Application of Power-Generating Fuel Cell Electrode Materials and Monitoring Methods to Breath Alcohol Sensors, Sens. Actuators B, 2016, 228, p 448–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Xiao, C. Song, W. Dong, C. Li, Y. Yin, X. Zhang, and M. Song, Synthesis, Characterization, and Gas Sensing Applications of WO3 Nanobricks, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2015, 24, p 3026–3031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Alrammouz, J. Podlecki, P. Abboud, B. Sorli, and R. Habchi, A Review on Flexible Gas Sensors: From Materials to Devices, Sens. Actuators A, 2018, 284, p 209–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Dey, Semiconductor Metal Oxide Gas Sensors: A Review, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 2018, 229, p 206–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Korotcenkov and B.K. Cho, The Role of Grain Size on the Thermal Instability of Nanostructured Metal Oxides Used in Gas Sensor Applications and Approaches For Grain-Size Stabilization, Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact., 2012, 58, p 167–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    X. Gao and T. Zhang, An Overview: Facet-Dependent Metal Oxide Semiconductor Gas Sensors, Sens. Actuators B, 2018, 277, p 604–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.V. Tong, N.D. Hoa, H.T. Nha, N.V. Duy, C.M. Hung, and N.V. Hieu, SO2 and H2S Sensing Properties of Hydrothermally Synthesized CuO Nanoplates, J. Electron. Mater., 2018, 47, p 7170–7178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Yang, X. Su, F. Xiao, J. Jian, and J. Wang, Gas Sensing Properties of CuO Nanorods Synthesized by a Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Method, Sens. Actuators B, 2011, 158, p 299–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Yang, F. Xiao, J. Wang, and X. Su, 3D Flower- and 2D Sheet-Like CuO Nanostructures: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis and Application in Gas Sensors, Sens. Actuators B, 2015, 207, p 177–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Korotcenkov and B.K. Cho, Metal Oxide Composites in Conductometric Gas Sensors: Achievements and Challenges, Sens. Actuators B, 2017, 244, p 182–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    X. Wang, C. Tang, J. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, Ultra-small CuS Nanoparticles as Peroxidase Mimetics for Sensitive and Colorimetric Detection of Uric Acid in Human Serum, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 2018, 46, p 1825–1831CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Jin, M. Zhou, H. Zhao, S. Zhai, F. Ge, Y. Zhao, and Z. Cai, Electrodeposited CuS Nanosheets on Carbonized Cotton Fabric as Flexible Supercapacitor Electrode for High Energy Storage, Electrochim. Acta, 2019, 295, p 668–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Z. Liu, S. Li, R. Wei, A. Chen, Y. Chai, R. Yuan, and Y. Zhuo, CuS Porous Nanospheres as a Novel Noble Metal-Free Co-reaction Accelerator for Enhancing Electrochemiluminescence and Sensitive Immunoassay of Mucin 1, Sens. Actuators B, 2018, 274, p 110–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Guo, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, X. Zhang, L. Tang, and X. Zhang, Double-Shell CuS Nanocages as Advanced Supercapacitor Electrode Materials, J. Power Sources, 2017, 355, p 31–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Qian, J. Mao, X. Tian, H. Yuan, and D. Xiao, In Situ Synthesis of CuS Nanotubes on Cu Electrode for Sensitive Nonenzymatic Glucose Sensor, Sens. Actuators B, 2013, 176, p 952–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Tao, Y. Zhang, S. Cao, K. Yin, X. Chang, Y. Lei, R. Fan, L. Dong, Y. Yin, and X. Chen, CuS Nanoflowers/Semipermeable Collodion Membrane Composite for High-Efficiency Solar Vapor Generation, Mater. Today Energy, 2018, 9, p 285–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    F. Meng, H. Zheng, Y. Sun, M. Li, and J. Liu, Trimethylamine Sensors Based on Au-Modified Hierarchical Porous Single-Crystalline ZnO Nanosheets, Sensors, 2017, 17, p 1478–1490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. Li, M. Li, F. Meng, and J. Liu, Highly Sensitive Ethylene Sensors Using Pd Nanoparticles and rGO Modified Flower-Like Hierarchical Porous α-Fe2O3, Sens. Actuators B, 2019, 290, p 396–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. Meng, D. Liu, G. Wang, Y. Shen, X. San, M. Li, and F. Meng, Low-Temperature Formaldehyde Gas Sensors Based on NiO-SnO2 Heterojunction Microflowers Assembled by Thin Porous Nanosheets, Sens. Actuators B, 2018, 273, p 418–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    F. Meng, N. Hou, Z. Jin, B. Sun, W. Li, X. Xiao, C. Wang, M. Li, and J. Liu, Sub-ppb Detection of Acetone Using Au-Modified Flower-Like Hierarchical ZnO Structures, Sens. Actuators B, 2015, 219, p 209–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A.A. Sagade and R. Sharma, Copper Sulphide (CuxS) as an Ammonia Gas Sensor Working at Room Temperature, Sens. Actuators B, 2008, 133, p 135–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    F.A. Sabah, N.M. Ahmed, Z. Hassan, and H.S. Rasheed, High Performance CuS p-Type Thin Film as a Hydrogen Gas Sensor, Sens. Actuators B, 2016, 249, p 68–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    X.L. Yu, Y. Wang, H.L.W. Chan, and C.B. Cao, Novel Gas Sensoring Materials Based on CuS Hollow Spheres, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 2009, 118, p 423–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Radhakrishnan, H. Kim, and B. Kim, A Novel CuS Microflower Superstructure Based Sensitive and Selective Nonenzymatic Glucose Detection, Sens. Actuators B, 2016, 233, p 93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Heydari, S.E. Moosavifard, M. Shahraki, and S. Elyasi, Facile Synthesis Of Nanoporous CuS Nanospheres for High-Performance Supercapacitor Electrodes, J. Energy Chem., 2017, 26, p 762–767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    A. Venkadesh, S. Radhakrishnan, and J. Mathiyarasu, Eco-friendly Synthesis and Morphology-Dependent Superior Electrocatalytic Properties of CuS Nanostructures, Electrochim. Acta, 2017, 246, p 544–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S.M. Majhi, G.K. Naik, H. Lee, H. Song, C. Lee, I. Lee, and Y. Yu, Au@NiO Core-Shell Nanoparticles as a p-type Gas Sensor: Novel Synthesis, Characterization, and Their Gas Sensing Properties with Sensing Mechanism, Sens. Actuators B, 2018, 268, p 223–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    X. Li, T. Lou, X. Sun, and Y. Li, Highly Sensitive WO3 Hollow-Sphere Gas Sensors, Inorg. Chem., 2004, 43, p 5442–5449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    K. Zheng, L. Gu, D. Sun, X. Mo, and G. Chen, The Properties of Ethanol Gas Sensor Based on Ti Doped ZnO Nanotetrapods, Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 2010, 166, p 104–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. Zhao, J. Liu, Q. Liu, Y. Sun, D. Song, W. Yang, J. Wang, and L. Liu, One-Step Synthesis of SnO2 Hollow Microspheres and Its Gas Sensing Properties, Mater. Lett., 2014, 136, p 286–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    C. Han, X. Chen, D. Liu, P. Zhou, S. Zhao, H. Bi, D. Meng, D. Wei, and Y. Shen, Fabrication of Shrub-Like CuO Porous Films by a Top-Down Method for High Performance Ethanol Gas Sensor, Vacuum, 2018, 157, p 332–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    M. Sun, Y. Yin, C. Song, Y. Wang, J. Xiao, S. Qu, W. Zheng, C. Li, W. Dong, and L. Zhang, Preparation of Bi2MoO6 Nanomaterials and Theirs Gas-Sensing Properties, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym., 2016, 26, p 294–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dapeng Wang
    • 1
  • Menghan Sun
    • 2
  • Guoqing Feng
    • 2
  • Chengwen Song
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Navigation CollegeDalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringDalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina

Personalised recommendations