Microstructure and Properties of Mn-Cu-Based Damping Alloys Prepared by Ball Milling and Hot-Press Sintering
A Mn-Cu-based damping alloy with a nominal composition of 70Mn-24Cu-3Zn-3Al (at.%) was prepared by ball milling of pure elemental powders and subsequent hot-press sintering of powder mixture at 750 and 825 °C for 2 h. For comparison, this alloy was also prepared by induction melting technology and then homogenized at 850 °C for 24 h. Further, they were aged at 430 °C for 2 h. The microstructure, damping capacity and microhardness of the hot-press-sintered and induction-melted alloys have been investigated. The results show that the microstructure of the powder mixture upon ball milling mainly comprises convoluted composite particles containing α-Mn and γ-Cu phases, and isolated α-Mn ones around. The high compactness of the alloys is obtained after hot-press sintering (94.8 and 98.6% at 750 and 825 °C, respectively). At a holding temperature of 750 °C, the microstructure of the alloy is primarily composed of γ-MnCu, γ-CuMn and α-Mn grains. With increasing the target temperature to 825 °C, the single γ-MnCu solid solution has been formed in the alloy by diffusion of Mn etc. into γ-Cu lattices. The hot-press-sintered alloys (especially at 825 °C) possess relatively high damping capacity although which is still lower than that of induction-melted one. In contrast, the microhardness of the hot-press-sintered alloys (especially at 750 °C) is obviously higher than that of the induction-melted one.
Keywordsball milling damping capacity hot-press sintering microhardness microstructure Mn-Cu-based alloy
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51701167), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2682017CX073) and Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing in NWPU (No. SKLSP201825).
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