Drawing Direction Effect on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Wire Drawing

  • Joong-Ki HwangEmail author


The effect of drawing direction on microstructure and mechanical properties in twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel during wire drawing has been investigated to improve drawability for wire rod applications. The steel wires subjected to unidirectional (UD) and reverse-directional (RD) wire drawing were analyzed. The yield and tensile strength processed by the RD were slightly higher than those by the UD, whereas the ductility and drawability have inverse features, which is totally different from the results of plain carbon steel and Al wire. Although final shear strain of wires deformed by the RD is lower than that by the UD, the RD wires had a more complex stress history and a higher <111> texture component at the surface area, which encouraged twinning rate, resulting in fast exhaustion of ductility, finally earlier fracture of wires. In contrast to the materials deformed by mainly slip mechanism, the RD process cannot improve the ductility and drawability in TWIP steel due to the stress state dependency of twinning mechanism. Also, based on the different strengthening behaviors between pearlitic and TWIP steels during UD and RD, it is induced that microstructure and applied stress state simultaneously control the mechanical properties.


deformation twin mechanical properties reverse direction twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel wire drawing 



This research was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018R1D1A1B07050103) and the Tongmyong University Research Grants 2018 (2018A016-1).


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© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringTongmyong UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

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