Advertisement

An Investigation of the Wear Performance of Aged Inconel 718 Superalloy by the Fuzzy Logic Approach

  • Ali KalyonEmail author
  • Osman Palavar
  • Dursun Özyürek
Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the effects of δ, γ′ and γ″ phases on the microstructure and wear behavior of Inconel 718 alloy, produced by powder metallurgy technique, were analyzed experimentally and a fuzzy logic model was developed for the weight loss prediction after the wear tests. Aging process was carried out in two stages: firstly at 720 °C for 8 h and then at 620 °C for 6-10 h. Wear tests were performed at five different sliding distances (400-2000 m) for 1 ms−1 sliding speed under 30 to 60 N loads. Weight loss prediction model was developed by using fuzzy logic method. SEM images of Inconel 718 alloy aged for 6, 8 and 10 h at 620 °C show intermetallic precipitates formed around particle boundaries. XRD examinations showed orthorhombic δ (Ni3Nb), BCT γ″ (Ni3Nb), FCC γ′ Ni3(Al,Ti) hexagonal Laves (Fe2Nb) phases formed in the structure with the same chemical composition and different crystal lattice. Accurate estimates were obtained in the developed fuzzy logic model. It was illustrated that this fuzzy logic model can be used successfully for the prediction of weight loss in wear tests of Inconel 718 alloy that was produced by powder metallurgy method.

Keywords

aging parameters fuzzy logic Inconel 718 superalloy wear behavior 

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    C.Y. Hsu, Y.Y. Lin, W.S. Lee, and S.P. Lo, Machining Characteristics of Inconel 718 Using Ultrasonic and High Temperature-Aided Cutting, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2008, 198, p 359–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Ay, U. Çaydaş, and A. Hasçalik, Effect of Traverse Speed on Abrasive Waterjet Machining of Age Hardened Inconel 718 Nickel-Based Superalloy, Mater. Manuf. Process., 2010, 25, p 1160–1165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E.O. Ezugwu, Z.M. Wang, and A.R. Machado, The Machinability of Nickel-Based Alloys: A Review, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 1999, 86, p 1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Dudzinski, A. Devillez, A. Moufki, D. Larrouquère, V. Zerrouki, and J. Vigneau, A Review of Developments Towards Dry and High Speed Machining of Inconel 718 Alloy, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 2004, 44, p 439–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Rao and V. Yadava, Multi Objective Optimization of Nd:YAG Laser Cutting of Thin Superalloy Sheet Using Grey Relational Analysis with Entropy Measurement, Opt. Laser Technol., 2009, 41, p 922–930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Ma, D. Wu, F. Niu, and H. Zou, Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Property of Pulsed Laser Welded Ni-Based Superalloy, Opt. Lasers Eng., 2015, 72, p 39–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Cai, C. Tian, S. Fu, G. Han, C. Cui, and Q. Zhang, Influence of γ′ Precipitates on Portevin–Le Chatelier Effect of Ni-Based Superalloys, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2015, 638, p 314–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Benhadad, N.L. Richards, and M.C. Chaturvedi, The Influence of Minor Elements on the Weldability of an Inconel 718-Type Superalloy, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 2002, 33, p 2005–2017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    B.C. Yan, J. Zhang, and L.H. Lou, Effect of Boron Additions on the Microstructure and Transverse Properties of a Directionally Solidified Superalloy, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2008, 474, p 39–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.G. McKamey, C.A. Carmichael, W.D. Cao, and R.L. Kennedy, Creep Properties of Phosphorus + Boron-Modified Alloy 718, Scr. Mater., 1998, 38, p 485–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    E. Cadel, D. Lemarchand, S. Chambreland, and D. Blavette, Atom Probe Tomography Investigation of the Microstructure of Superalloys N18, Acta Mater., 2002, 50, p 957–966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Xiao, D. Chen, and M.C. Chaturvedi, Effect of Boron and Carbon on the Fracture Toughness of IN 718 Superalloy at Room Temperature and 650 °C, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2005, 14, p 528–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. Blavette, E. Cadel, C. Pareige, B. Deconihout, and P. Caron, Phase Transformation and Segregation to Lattice Defects in Ni-Base Superalloys, Microsc. Microanal., 2007, 13, p 464–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Slama and M. Abdellaoui, Structural Characterization of the Aged Inconel 718, J. Alloys Compd., 2000, 306, p 277–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Alam, M. Chaturvedi, S.P. Ringer, and J.M. Cairney, Precipitation and Clustering in the Early Stages of Ageing in Inconel 718, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2010, 527, p 7770–7774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Saadatmand and J. Aghazadeh Mohandesi, Optimization of Mechanical and Wear Properties of Functionally Graded Al6061/SiC Nanocomposites Produced by Friction Stir Processing (FSP), Acta Metall. Sin., 2015, 28, p 584–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Özyürek and S. Tekeli, An Investigation on Wear Resistance of SiCp-Reinforced Aluminium Composites Produced by Mechanical Alloying Method, Sci. Eng. Compos. Mater., 2010, 17, p 31–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Özyürek and I. Ciftci, An Investigation into the Wear Behaviour of TiB2 Particle Reinforced Aluminium Composites Produced by Mechanical Alloying, Sci. Eng. Compos. Mater., 2011, 18, p 5–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. Özyürek, R. Yılmaz, and E. Kibar, The Effects of Retrogression Parameters on Hardness and Wear Behaviours of 7075 Aluminium Alloys, J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., 2013, 27, p 429–438Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R.L. Deuis, C. Subramanian, and J.M. Yellup, Dry Sliding Wear of Aluminium Composites—A Review, Compos. Sci. Technol., 1997, 57, p 415–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Vencl, I. Bobić, and Z. Mišković, Effect of Thixocasting and Heat Treatment on the Tribological Properties of Hypoeutectic Al–Si Alloy, Wear, 2008, 264, p 616–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Chen, A. Iwabuchi, and T. Shimizu, The Effect of a T6 Heat Treatment on the Fretting Wear of a SiC Particle-Reinforced A356 Aluminum Alloy Matrix Composite, Wear, 2000, 2382, p 110–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Aksoz, O. Bican, R. Calin, and B. Bostan, Effect of T7 Heat Treatment on the Dry Sliding Friction and Wear Properties of the SiC-Reinforced AA 2014 Aluminium Matrix Composites Produced by Vacuum Infiltration, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part J J. Eng. Tribol., 2013, 228, p 312–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. Gökmeşe and B. Bostan, Improvements of Dry Sliding Wear Behaviour and Mechanical Properties in 2014 Al Alloy by Age-Hardening, Sci. Res. Essays, 2013, 8, p 2227–2234Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Çalin and N.S. Cilasun, An Investigation of Abrasive Wear Behaviour of Al 2014-SiC Composites, High Temp. Mater. Process., 2015, 34, p 131–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. Özyürek, M. Yıldırım, and İ. Çiftçi, The Tribological Properties of A356-SiCp Metal-Matrix Composites Fabricated by Thixomoulding Technique, Sci. Eng. Compos. Mater., 2012, 19, p 351–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. Özyürek, A. Kalyon, M. Yıldırım, T. Tuncay, and İ. Çiftçi, Experimental Investigation and Prediction of Wear Properties of Al/SiC Metal Matrix Composites Produced by Thixomoulding Method Using Artificial Neural Networks, Mater. Des., 2014, 63, p 270–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    G.E. D’Errico, Fuzzy Control Systems with Application to Machining Processes, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2001, 109, p 38–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Özel, B. Yalçın, H. Turhan, and İ. Somurkıran, Fuzzy Logic Model of Wear Characteristic of Surface Alloyed with Ferromanganese Powder, J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., 2008, 23, p 33–39Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. Yaldiz, F. Unsacar, and H. Saglam, Comparison of Experimental Results Obtained by Designed Dynamometer to Fuzzy Model for Predicting Cutting Forces in Turning, Mater. Des., 2006, 27, p 1139–1147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. Gologlu and C. Mizrak, An Integrated Fuzzy Logic Approach to Customer-Oriented Product Design, J. Eng. Des., 2011, 22, p 113–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. Sharma, S. Tamang, D. Devarasiddappa, and M. Chandrasekran, Fuzzy Logic Modeling and Multiple Performance Optimization in Turning GFRP Composites Using Desirability Function Analysis, Procedia Mater. Sci., 2014, 6, p 1805–1814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    P. Gao, K. Zhang, B. Zhang, S. Jiang, and B. Zhang, Microstructures and High Temperature Mechanical Properties of Electron Beam Welded Inconel 718 Superalloy Thick Plate, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 2011, 21, p 315–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    T.J. Ross, Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications, 3rd ed., Wiley, New York, 2010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Marani Barzani, E. Zalnezhad, A.A.D. Sarhan, S. Farahany, and S. Ramesh, Fuzzy Logic Based Model for Predicting Surface Roughness of Machined Al-Si-Cu-Fe Die Casting Alloy Using Different Additives-Turning, Measurement, 2015, 61, p 150–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    D. Levasseur, S. Yue, and M. Brochu, Pressureless Sintering of Cold Sprayed Inconel 718 Deposit, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2012, 556, p 343–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    W.L. Mankins and S. Lamb, Nickel and Nickel Alloys, 10th ed., ASM handbook, Philadelphia, 1990Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    H. Yuan and W.C. Liu, Effect of the δ Phase on the Hot Deformation Behavior of Inconel 718, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2005, 408, p 281–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. Richards and D. Aspinwall, Use of Ceramic Tools for Machining Nickel Based Alloys, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf, 1989, 29, p 575–588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    V. Kindrachuk, N. Wanderka, J. Banhart, D. Mukherji, D. Del Genovese, and J. Rösler, Effect of Rhenium Addition on the Microstructure of the Superalloy Inconel 706, Acta Mater., 2008, 56, p 1609–1618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. Özyürek, I. Ciftci, and T. Tuncay, The Effect of Aging and Sliding Speed on Wear Behaviour of Cu-Cr-Zr Alloy, Mater. Test., 2013, 55, p 468–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    D. Özyürek and S. Tekeli, Wear Properties of Titanium and Ti6Al4V Titanium Alloy by Mechanical Milling, High Temp. Mater. Process., 2011, 30, p 175–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    I. Sağlam, D. Özyürek, and K. Çetinkaya, Effect of Ageing Treatment on Wear Properties and Electrical Conductivity of Cu-Cr-Zr Alloy, Bull. Mater. Sci., 2012, 34, p 1465–1470Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    S. Sawla and S. Das, Combined Effect of Reinforcement and Heat Treatment on the Two Body Abrasive Wear of Aluminum Alloy and Aluminum Particle Composites, Wear, 2004, 257, p 555–561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    D. Özyürek, T. Tansel, and D. Cihan, Wear Behaviour of Nickel-Aluminium Bronzes Produced with Mechanical Alloying, 5th Int. Adv. Technol. Symp, 2009, p 1101–1104Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Manufacturing Engineering Department, Technology FacultyKarabuk UniversityKarabükTurkey

Personalised recommendations