Importance of Martensite Spatial Distribution at Large Volume Fractions in Imparting Ductility in High-Strength Dual-Phase Steel
Controlled austenite decomposition in a cold-rolled steel was carried out in a hot-dip process simulator with different inter-critical annealing process parameters to produce dual-phase steel consisting of martensite phase fraction above 50%. The evolving microstructure was characterized by using scanning electron microscope and electron backscattered diffraction techniques. Macro- and micro-texture was characterized by using x-ray diffraction and electron backscattered diffraction techniques, respectively. Uniaxial tensile deformation showed a very good combination of ultra-high strength above 900 MPa with uniform elongation of above 7%. An anomalous increase in ductility was observed for steel with high martensite volume fraction of 62.2% compared to that of lower fraction of 52.3%, indicating the influence of size and spatial distribution arrangement of ferrite and martensite phases. The enhancement in the ductility with high strength was attributed to the improved plastic deformability of hard fine martensite phase along with fine ferrite surrounding it. The nature of micro- and macro-texture was also found to affect strain partitioning compatibility between ferrite and martensite in this study.
Keywordsaustenite decomposition dual-phase steel tensile deformation ultra-high strength
Authors wish to record their gratitude to Director, CSIR, National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, for supporting this work.
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