Axial Tensile Failure Analysis of SiCf/Ti Composite Based on Continuum Cohesive Zone Model

  • Zhigang SunEmail author
  • Jianfen Sun
  • Yaning Chang
  • Weiyi Sun
  • Lu Qi
  • Yingdong Song


In this paper, the failure behavior of SiC fiber-reinforced Ti-6Al-4V matrix composite (SiCf/Ti) under longitudinal loads was studied experimentally and theoretically. Experimental results show that the interface of SiCf/Ti composite is continuous and integral. Through SEM observations, it was found that transverse matrix cracks initiated from the debonding region of the interface. A three-dimensional representative volume element was developed to simulate the failure process of SiCf/Ti-6Al-4V composite. A continuum cohesive zone model is employed to describe the debonding behavior at the interface, compared with a discrete one. More accurate simulated results were obtained by a continuum cohesive zone model, corresponding to experimental results. The transverse cracking behavior of the matrix was simulated. The stress–strain curves predicted by the continuum cohesive zone model show a good agreement with the experimental results. The fiber volume fraction, interface strength and interface toughness are investigated to exhibit their influences upon the longitudinal mechanical characteristics of SiCf/Ti-6Al-4V composite.


axial tensile test continuum cohesive zone model failure simulation SiCf/Ti-6Al-4V composite 



This work was supported in part by National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China (51675266), Aeronautical Science Foundation of China (2014ZB52024), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (NJ20160038), the 2016 graduate innovation base (Laboratory) open fund (kfjj20160213), Foundation of Graduate Innovation Center in NUAA (no. kfjj20170208), Foundation of Graduate Innovation Center in NUAA (no. kfjj20170220) are gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    J.W. Chen, H. Huang, and X.B. Liu, Application Progress of SiC Fiber Reinforced Titanium Matrix Composites in Aero Engine, Hi-Tech Fiber Appl., 2015, 40, p 29–32Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    X.C. Dai, P.F. He, and S.W. Zhai, Development and Research of Metal Matrix Composites in the Engine, Technol. Dev. Enterp., 2015, 14, p 64–65Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G.H. Wu, Development Challenge and Opportunity of Metal Matrix Composites, Acta Mater. Compos. Sin., 2014, 31, p 1228–1237Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.M. Tang, Current Status and Prospects of Aerospace Materials, Spacecr. Environ. Eng., 2013, 30, p 115–121Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Wang, X.L. Zhu, Y.Q. Zhu, and Q. Yao, A Review on Metal Matrix Composites, China Stand., 2013, 47, p 33–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.Q. Zhang, M. Zhao, S. Lu, S. Zhang, and T.S. Shang, Development of Research on Aeroengine Bling Structure, Aeronaut. Manuf. Technol., 2013, p 50–54Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Giuliano and H.F. Chen, Micromechanical Modeling on Cyclic Plastic Behavior of Unidirectional Fiber Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composites, Eur. J. Mech. A Solids, 2016, 59, p 155–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.W. Zhou, W. Yang, and D.N. Fang, Cohesive Interface Element and Interfacial Damage Analysis of Composites, Acta Mech. Sin., 1999, 3, p 117–122Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.M. Aghdam and S.R. Falahatgar, Micromechanical Modeling of Interface Damage of Metal Matrix Composites Subjected to Transverse Loading, Compos. Struct., 2004, 66, p 415–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Y.Q. Lian, Mesoscopic Mechanics Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites with Weak Interfacial Bonding, M.S. Thesis, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.G. Huang, Cohesive Zone Model Analysis and Finite Element Subroutine Development, M.S. Thesis, Zhengzhou University, 2010Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V.I. Kushch, S.V. Shmegera, P. Brøndsted, and L. Mishnaevsky Jr., Numerical Simulation of Progressive Debonding In Fiber Reinforced Composite Under Transverse Loading, Int. J. Eng. Sci., 2011, 49, p 17–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W.T. He, Discrete Cohesive Zone Model and Its Application, M.S. Thesis, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 2013Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.V. Danial, B.N. Legarth, and C.F. Niordson, Micromechanical Modeling of Unidirectional Composites with Uneven Interfacial Strengths, Eur. J. Mech. A Solids, 2013, 42, p 241–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H.S. Lei, Z.Q. Wang, B. Zhou, L.Y. Tong, and X.Q. Wang, Simulation and Analysis of Shape Memory Alloy Fiber Reinforced Composite Based on Cohesive Zone Model, Mater. Des., 2012, 40, p 138–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Q. Xu and S.X. Qu, Irreversible Deformation of Metal Matrix Composites: A Study via the Mechanism-Based Cohesive Zone Model, Mech. Mater., 2015, 89, p 72–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Dimitri, M. Trullo, L. De Lorenzis, and G. Zavarise, Coupled Cohesive Zone Models for Mixed-Mode Fracture: A Comparative Study, Eng. Fract. Mech., 2015, 148, p 145–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.M. Ruan, Research on Strength Analysis Method of Metal Matrix Composites, M.S. Thesis, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Wang, Y. Zhao, and S.H. Fu, Research Progress and Key Problems of Continuous Fiber Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites, J. Aeronaut. Mater., 2013, p 87–96Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites Materials, D3552-12, American Society For Testing, 2012Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Standard Test Method for Monotonic Tensile Behavior of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics with Solid Rectangular Cross-Section Test Specimens at Ambient Temperature, C1358-05, American Society For Testing, 2000Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Y.Q. Yang, Z.J. Ma, J.K. Li, X.H. Lv, and Y.L. Ai, Interface Reaction and Its Effects on Mechanical Property of SiC_f/Super_2 Composites, Rare Met. Mater. Eng., 2006, 35(1), p 43–46Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Z.G. Sun, Y.D. Song, and Y.Q. Nian. Weak Interfacial Bonding Effect on the Properties of Composite Materials, J. Aerosp. Power., 2005, p 915–919Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Z.G. Sun, H.Y. Shao, X.M. Niu, and Y.D. Song, Failure Simulation of Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic Matrix Composites Based on Evolving Compliant Interfacial Debonding Model, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2016, 663, p 78–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.K. Li, Y.Q. Yang, M.N. Yuan, X. Luo, and L.L. Li, Effect of Properties of SiC Fibers on Longitudinal Tensile Behavior of SiCf/Ti-6Al-4V Composites, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 2008, 18, p 523–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.H. Lou, Y.Q. Yang, Q. Sun, J. Li, and X. Luo, Study on Longitudinal Tensile Properties of SiCf/Ti–6Al–4V Composites with Different Interfacial Shear Strength, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2011, 529, p 88–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Z.H. Xia, Y.F. Zhang, and F. Ellyin, A Unified Periodical Boundary Conditions for Representative Volume Elements of Composites and Applications, Int. J. Solids Struct., 2003, 40, p 1907–1921CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhigang Sun
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jianfen Sun
    • 1
  • Yaning Chang
    • 1
  • Weiyi Sun
    • 1
  • Lu Qi
    • 1
  • Yingdong Song
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Aero-engine Thermal Environment and Structure, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and College of Energy and Power EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations