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Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 5947–5963 | Cite as

Antifouling Properties and Release of Dissolved Copper of Cold Spray Cu/Cu2O Coatings for Ships and Steel Structures in Marine Environment

  • Rui Ding
  • Xiangbo Li
  • Jia Wang
  • Weihua Li
  • Xiao Wang
  • Taijiang Gui
Article
  • 58 Downloads

Abstract

At the submarine screen doors of ships, the flow of water was fast and organic coatings were easy to peel off. To solve the problems of biofouling, the Cu/Cu2O coatings were prepared by cold spray technology. In this paper, the release mechanism of effective antifouling components of the coatings was studied by micro-domain electrochemical potential scanning technique. Cuprous oxide in the coatings and the surrounding copper constituted micro-cells which accelerated the local electrochemical dissolution of copper. Cuprous oxide acted as the cathode, and the surrounding copper acted as the anode. Meanwhile, under the action of current, chloride ions were transferred from cathode to the anode and promoted local electrochemical dissolution of copper. Experiments show that the higher the Cu2O content in the coatings, the greater the release rate of dissolved copper and inhibitory effect on diatoms. In the environments varied in dissolved oxygen, salinity, temperature and flow rate, the coatings maintained sufficient release rate of dissolved copper, unless the salinity was very low. Most of the dissolved copper was provided by the electrochemical dissolution process of copper. Whether in the indoor test or marine environment experiments, 30% Cu2O coatings show the best performance. After insulating layer was sprayed, the effect of antifouling was improved evidently and the coatings were applied to the submarine screen doors of ships.

Keywords

antifouling cold spray copper corrosion galvanic cuprous oxide 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The project was achieved with the China Postdoctoral Science Fund, Grand No. 2018M632726, Qingdao Independent Innovation Special Project, Grant No. 16-7-1-2-ZDZXX, National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, Grand No. 51525903, AoShan talents cultivation program supported by Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Grant No. 2017ASTCP-OS09.

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rui Ding
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xiangbo Li
    • 2
  • Jia Wang
    • 4
  • Weihua Li
    • 5
  • Xiao Wang
    • 6
  • Taijiang Gui
    • 6
  1. 1.College of OceanographyYantai UniversityYantaiChina
  2. 2.Science and Technology on Marine Corrosion and Protection LaboratoryLuoyang Ship Material Research Institute (LSRMI)QingdaoChina
  3. 3.Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of ScienceQingdaoChina
  4. 4.Ocean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  5. 5.College of Chemical Engineering and TechnologySun Yat-sen UniversityZhuhaiChina
  6. 6.Marine Chemical Research Institute, State Key Laboratory of Marine CoatingsQingdaoChina

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