Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp 3128–3133 | Cite as

Mechanical Properties of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Aluminum Manufactured by High-Pressure Die Casting

  • Franziska Kachold
  • Robert Singer


Carbon fiber reinforced aluminum was produced by a specially adapted high-pressure die casting process. The MMC has a fiber volume fraction of 27%. Complete infiltration was achieved by preheating the bidirectional, PAN-based carbon fiber body with IR-emitters to temperatures of around 750 °C. The degradation of the fibers, due to attack of atmospheric oxygen at temperatures above 600 °C, was limited by heating them in argon-rich atmosphere. Additionally, the optimization of heating time and temperature prevented fiber degradation. Only the strength of the outer fibers is reduced by 40% at the most. The fibers in core of fiber body are nearly undamaged. In spite of successful manufacturing, the tensile strength of the MMC is below strength of the matrix material. Also unidirectional MMCs with a fiber volume fraction of 8% produced under the same conditions, lack of the reinforcing effect. Two main reasons for the unsatisfactory mechanical properties were identified: First, the fiber-free matrix, which covers the reinforced core, prevents effective load transfer from the matrix to the fibers. And second, the residual stresses in the fiber-free zones are as high as 100 MPa. This causes premature failure in the matrix. From this, it follows that the local reinforcement of an actual part is limited. The stress distribution caused by residual stresses and by loading needs to be known. In this way, the reinforcing phase can be placed and aligned accordingly. Otherwise delamination and premature failure might occur.


carbon fibers composites metallic matrix modeling and simulation residual stress tensile testing 



We would like to acknowledge the funding of the German Research Foundation (DFG) through the Cluster of Excellence EAM EXC 315/2 and the bi-national project PAK 258 ‘‘3D textile reinforced aluminum matrix composites for complex loading situations in lightweight automobile end machine parts.’’


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringFriedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany

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