Hematite Core Nanoparticles with Carbon Shell: Potential for Environmentally Friendly Production from Iron Mining Sludge
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Hematite nanoparticles with amorphous, yet relatively uniform carbon shell, were produced based exclusively on the waste sludge from the iron mine as the raw material. The procedure for acid digestion-based purification of the sludge with the full recovery of acid vapors and the remaining non-toxic rubble is described. Synthesis of the hematite nanoparticles was performed by the arrested precipitation method with cationic surfactant. The particles were thoroughly characterized and the potential of their economical production for the battery industry is indicated.
Keywordscore/shell structures iron oxide nanoparticles mining waste recycle waste sludge
Authors thank the Ministry of Science and Technology of Republic of Srpska (Grant Number: 19/6-020/966-90/15). The work is also supported by the ArcelorMittal Prijedor through the field safety education and the permission for scientific work inside the company’s mine. The research is performed under the frame of the Memorandum of understanding signed between Shinshu University and University of Banja Luka in 2015.
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