Advertisement

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 1157–1164 | Cite as

Effects of Vanadium Addition on Microstructure and Tribological Performance of Bainite Hardfacing Coatings

  • Jigang Chen
  • Xiaolei Xing
  • Yajun Wang
  • Yefei Zhou
  • Xuejun Ren
  • Yulin Yang
  • Qingxiang Yang
Article

Abstract

New hardfacing coatings with different vanadium (V) additions were prepared by surfacing technology. The microstructures of the hardfacing coatings were analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry and examined by transmission electron microscope. The hardness and wear resistances of the hardfacing coatings were measured. Worn debris were collected at the end of wear test and analyzed. The precipitation temperature of the phases in the hardfacing coatings and the mass fraction of MC carbide were calculated by Jmatpro software. The experimental results show that, the hardfacing coating mainly consists of granular bainite. No significant change in the size of linear martensite-austenite (M-A) islands is observed with the increase of V addition, while the size of massive M-A islands is decreased. The wear resistance of the hardfacing coating reaches a maximum level with V content of 0.14 wt.%. The calculated results show that, the mass fraction of MC carbide is increased with the increase of V content. Based on calculation following two-dimensional mismatch theory, MC carbide is a heterogeneous nucleus of the ferrite resulting refined ferrite in the hardfacing coating.

Keywords

bainite hardfacing coating MC carbide vanadium wear resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their gratitude for projects supported by the Program for National Nature Science Foundation of China (51271163) and (51471148).

References

  1. 1.
    W.R. Tyfour, J.H. Beynon, and A. Kapoor, Deterioration of Rolling Contact Fatigue Life of Pearlitic Rail Steel Due to Dry-Wet Rolling-Sliding Line Contact, Wear, 1996, 197(1-2), p 255–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Zhong, J.J. Hu, P. Shen, C.Y. Wang, and Q.Y. Lius, Experimental Investigation Between Rolling Contact Fatigue and Wear of High-Speed and Heavy-Haul Railway and Selection of Rail Material, Wear, 2011, 271(9-10), p 2485–2493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Zhong, J.J. Hu, Z.B. Li, Q.Y. Liu, and Z.R. Zhou, A Study of Rolling Contact Fatigue Crack Growth in U75V and U71Mn Rails, Wear, 2011, 271(1-2), p 388–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Vencl, B. Gligorijević, B. Katavić, B. Nedić, and D. Džunić, Abrasive Wear Resistance of the Iron and WC Based Hardfaced Coatings Evaluated with Scratch Test Method, Tribol. Ind., 2013, 35(2), p 123–127Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.S. Liu, R.P. Liu, Y.H. Wei, Y. Qiu, P. Pan, K. Zhu, and W.L. Gao, Comparative Behaviour of Cobalt and Iron Base Hardfacing Alloys, Surf. Eng., 2012, 28(5), p 338–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y.S. Tarng, S.C. Juang, and C.H. Chang, The Use of Grey-Based Taguchi Methods to Determine Submerged Arc Welding Process Parameters in Hardfacing, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2002, 128, p 1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Gensamer, E.B. Pearsall, W.S. Pellini, and J.R. Low, The Tensile Properties of Pearlite Bainite, and Spheroidite, Metallogr. Microstruct. Anal., 2012, 1, p 171–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Yıldızlı, M. Eroglu, and M.B. Karamış, Microstructure and Erosive Wear Behavior of Weld Deposits of High Manganese Electrode, Surf. Coat. Technol., 2007, 201, p 7166–7173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.L. Yang, X.Q. Lv, Z.D. Zou, and S.N. Lou, Investigation of Surfacing Electrode with High Hardness Based on Lath Martensite, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2006, 438–440, p 281–284Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Zhang, F.C. Zhang, Z.G. Yan, and C.L. Zheng, N Rich Nanocrystalline Bainite in Surface Layer of Carbon Steel, Surf. Eng., 2013, 29(5), p 331–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    F.B. Pickering, Bainite in Steels, Surf. Eng., 1992, 8(4), p 264–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.X. Zhang and P.M. Kelly, Accurate Orientation Relationship Between Ferrite and Austenite in Low Carbon Martensite and Granular Bainite, Scripta Mater., 2002, 47, p 749–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y.X. Chen, X.B. Liang, Y. Liu, S.C. Wei, and B.S. Xu, Effect of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Residual Stress of Wire Arc Sprayed High Carbon Steel Coating, Surf. Eng., 2010, 26(6), p 407–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.Q. Yuan and G.L. Liang, Dissolving Behaviour of Second Phase Particles in Nb-Ti Microalloyed Steel, Mater. Lett., 2009, 63(27), p 2324–2326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D.M. Barquete, E.J. Coart, R.A. Campos, C. Moura Neto, and V.J. Trava-Airoldi, Thermodiffused Vanadium Carbide Interface for Diamond Films on Steel and Cemented Carbides Substrates, Surf. Eng., 2010, 26(7), p 506–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Najafi, J. Rassizadehghani, and S. Asgari, As-Cast Mechanical Properties of Vanadium/Niobium Microalloyed Steels, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2008, 486, p 1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    B.L. Bramfitt, The Effect of Carbide and Nitride Additions on the Heterogeneous Nucleation Behavior of Liquid Iron, Metall. Trans., 1969, 1, p 1970–1987Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jigang Chen
    • 1
  • Xiaolei Xing
    • 1
  • Yajun Wang
    • 1
  • Yefei Zhou
    • 1
  • Xuejun Ren
    • 2
  • Yulin Yang
    • 1
  • Qingxiang Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science & TechnologyYanshan UniversityQinhuangdaoP.R. China
  2. 2.School of EngineeringLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK

Personalised recommendations