A Method to Estimate Residual Stress in Austenitic Stainless Steel Using a Microindentation Test
This study proposed a method to evaluate the residual stress and plastic strain of an austenitic stainless steel using a microindentation test. The austenitic stainless steel SUS316L obeys the Ludwick’s work hardening law and is subjected to in-plane equi-biaxial residual stress. A numerical experiment with the finite element method (FEM) was carried out to simulate an indentation test for SUS316L having various plastic strains (pre-strains) and residual stresses. It was found that the indentation force increased with increasing pre-strain as well as with compressive residual stress. Next, a parametric FEM study by changing both residual stress σres and pre-strain εpre was conducted to deduce the relationship between the indentation curve and the parameters εpre and σres (which were employed for the FEM study). This relationship can be expressed by a dimensionless function with simple formulae. Thus, the present method can estimate both εpre and σres, when a single indentation test is applied to SUS316L.
Keywordsaustenitic stainless steel indentation test pre-strain residual stress reverse analysis
The work of A.Y. was supported by JSPS KAKENHI (Grant No. 26420025) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS). The work of X.C. was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11172231 and 11372241), AFOSR (FA9550-12-1-0159), and DARPA (W91CRB-11-C-0112).
- 5.J. Lu, M. James, and L. Mordfin, Handbook of Measurement of Residual Stresses, Fairmont Press, Lilburn, GA, 1996Google Scholar
- 6.D. Tabor, Hardness of Metals, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1951Google Scholar
- 22.Jang J-i, Estimation of Residual Stress by Instrumented Indentation: A Review, J. Ceram. Process. Res., 2009, 10, p 391–400Google Scholar
- 27.Marc. Marc 2011, Theory and User’s Manual A 2011.Google Scholar
- 28.F.P. Bowden and D. Tabor, The Friction and Lubrications of Solids, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1950Google Scholar
- 31.Takemoto M. Personal communication. 2013.Google Scholar