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Effect of Machining Parameters on Surface Integrity in Machining Nimonic C-263 Super Alloy Using Whisker-Reinforced Ceramic Insert

  • C. Ezilarasan
  • V. S. Senthil kumar
  • A. Velayudham
Article

Abstract

Whisker-reinforced ceramic inserts were used to conduct turning trials on nimonic C-263 super alloy to study the effect of different combinations of cutting parameters on surface integrity (roughness, microhardness, and residual stress) by employing energy dispersive spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, and Vicker’s microhardness test. Abrasion, adhesion and diffusion were found to be the main tool wear mechanisms in turning nimonic C-263 alloy. Based on characterization of surface roughness, a combination of 190 m/min cutting speed and 0.102 mm/rev feed rate was found to be the critical condition for turning nimonic C-263 alloy. Microhardness varied between 550 and 690 HV at the feed rates of 0.102-0.143 mm/rev for a cutting speed of 250 m/min after 9 min of turning. A tensile residual stress of 725-850 MPa on the machined surface was recorded at the preceding combination of cutting parameters. Cutting speed and cutting time had a dominant effect on the magnitude of the residual stress. No evidence of thermal relaxation and reduction in the degree of work hardening was noted during machining at high cutting speed.

Keywords

cutting force microhardness nimonic C-263 residual stresses surface finish surface integrity tool wear turning 

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Ezilarasan
    • 1
  • V. S. Senthil kumar
    • 1
  • A. Velayudham
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAnna UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.CVRDEChennaiIndia

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