Treatment of Nonunion of Scaphoid Waist with Ni-Ti Shape-Memory Alloy Connector and Iliac Bone Graft

  • Lie-Hu Cao
  • Shuo-Gui XuEmail author
  • Ya-Le Wu
  • Chun-Cai Zhang


After fracture, the unique anatomy and blood supply of the scaphoid itself predisposes to nonunion. Scaphoid nonunion presents a formidable challenge to surgeons because of the difficulties for fixation, and the high failure rate after treatment. The Ni-Ti shape-memory alloy can provide compressive stress at the nonunion site, which is the key point for bone healing. Hence, we designed a shape-memory bone connector named arched shape-memory connector (ASC). We conducted a retrospective study looking at the union rate and complications and correlating the outcome of treatment with this device. The study reviewed a cohort of six consecutive patients presenting with scaphoid waist nonunion, who were treated with ASC and iliac cancellous bone grafting at our center from August 2002 to December 2007. The patients with nonunion achieved a 100% union rate. All the patients who achieved union had good pain relief and improved function. Our study demonstrates that scaphoid waist nonunions can be successfully treated by ASC and iliac bone grafting.


arched shape-memory connector Ni-Ti alloy nonunion scaphoid shape memory 



This research is supported by the Nano Project of Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (No. 1052nm03100) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30872640/C160705)


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lie-Hu Cao
    • 1
  • Shuo-Gui Xu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ya-Le Wu
    • 1
  • Chun-Cai Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsChanghai Hospital, Second Military Medical UniversityShanghaiChina

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