Two-Level Weld-Material Homogenization for Efficient Computational Analysis of Welded Structure Blast-Survivability

  • M. Grujicic
  • G. Arakere
  • A. Hariharan
  • B. Pandurangan


The introduction of newer joining technologies like the so-called friction-stir welding (FSW) into automotive engineering entails the knowledge of the joint-material microstructure and properties. Since, the development of vehicles (including military vehicles capable of surviving blast and ballistic impacts) nowadays involves extensive use of the computational engineering analyses (CEA), robust high-fidelity material models are needed for the FSW joints. A two-level material-homogenization procedure is proposed and utilized in this study to help manage computational cost and computer storage requirements for such CEAs. The method utilizes experimental (microstructure, microhardness, tensile testing, and x-ray diffraction) data to construct: (a) the material model for each weld zone and (b) the material model for the entire weld. The procedure is validated by comparing its predictions with the predictions of more detailed but more costly computational analyses.


blast-survivability computational engineering analysis friction-stir welding material-model development 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Grujicic
    • 1
  • G. Arakere
    • 1
  • A. Hariharan
    • 1
  • B. Pandurangan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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