Advertisement

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 1438–1446 | Cite as

Response of Materials During Sliding on Various Surface Textures

  • Pradeep L. Menezes
  • Kishore
  • Satish V. Kailas
  • Michael R. Lovell
Article

Abstract

In the present investigation, soft materials, such as Al-4Mg alloy, high-purity Al and pure Mg pins were slid against hard steel plates of various surface textures to study the response of materials during sliding. The experiments were conducted using an inclined pin-on-plate sliding apparatus under both dry and lubricated conditions in an ambient environment. Two kinds of frictional response, namely steady-state and stick-slip, were observed during sliding. In general, the response was dependent on material pair, normal load, lubrication, and surface texture of the harder material. More specifically, for the case of Al-4Mg alloy, the stick-slip response was absent under both dry and lubricated conditions. For Al, stick-slip was observed only under lubricated conditions. For the case of Mg, the stick-slip response was seen under both dry and lubricated conditions. Further, it was observed that the amplitude of stick-slip motion primarily depends on the plowing component of friction. The plowing component of friction was the highest for the surfaces that promoted plane strain conditions and was the lowest for the surfaces that promoted plane stress conditions near the surface.

Keywords

friction stick-slip surface roughness surface texture transfer layer 

References

  1. 1.
    N.P. Suh, Tribophysics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1986Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F.P. Bowden and D. Tabor, The Friction and Lubrication of Solids, Clarendon, Oxford, 1954Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Bouissou, J.P. Petit, and M. Barquins, Normal Load, Slip Rate and Roughness Influence on the Polymethylmethacrylate Dynamics of Sliding 1. Stable Sliding to Stick-Slip Transition, Wear, 1998, 214(2), p 156–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D.H. Hwang and K.H.Z. Gahr, Transition from Static to Kinetic Friction of Unlubricated or Oil Lubricated Steel/Steel, Steel/Ceramic and Ceramic/Ceramic Pairs, Wear, 2003, 255(1–6), p 365–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Rasp and C.M. Wichern, Effects of Surface-Topography Directionality and Lubrication Condition on Frictional Behaviour during Plastic Deformation, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2002, 125–126, p 379–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Schedin, Galling Mechanisms in Sheet Forming Operations, Wear, 1994, 179(1–2), p 123–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D.O. Bello and S. Walton, Surface Topography and Lubrication in Sheet Metal Forming, Tribol. Int., 1987, 20(2), p 59–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.K. Saha, W.R.D. Wilson, and R.S. Timsit, Influence of Surface Topography on the Frictional Characteristics of 3104 Aluminum Alloy Sheet, Wear, 1996, 197(1-2), p 123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.R. Lovell, Z. Deng, and M.M. Khonsari, Experimental Characterization of Sliding Friction: Crossing from Deformation to Plowing Contact, ASME: J. Tribol., 2000, 122(4), p 856–863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Lakshmipathy and R. Sagar, Effect of Die Surface Topography on Die-Work Interfacial Friction in Open Die Forging, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 1992, 32(5), p 685–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Määttä, P. Vuoristo, and T. Mäntylä, Friction and Adhesion of Stainless Steel Strip Against Tool Steels in Unlubricated Sliding with High Contact Load, Tribol. Int., 2001, 34(11), p 779–786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H.E. Staph, H.E. Staph, P.M. Ku, and H.J. Carper, Effect of Surface Roughness and Surface Texture on Scuffing, Mech. Mach. Theory, 1973, 8, p 197–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.M. Koura, The Effect of Surface Texture on Friction Mechanisms, Wear, 1980, 63(1), p 1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Malayappan and R. Narayanasamy, An Experimental Analysis of Upset Forging of Aluminium Cylindrical Billets Considering the Dissimilar Frictional Conditions at Flat Die Surfaces, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol., 2004, 23(9–10), p 636–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P.L. Menezes, Kishore, and S.V. Kailas, Effect of Roughness Parameter and Grinding Angle on Coefficient of Friction When Sliding of Al-Mg Alloy Over EN8 Steel, ASME: J. Tribol., 2006, 128(4), p 697–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    P.L. Menezes, Kishore, and S.V. Kailas, Effect of Directionality of Unidirectional Grinding Marks on Friction and Transfer Layer Formation of Mg on Steel using Inclined Scratch Test, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2006, 429(1–2), p 149–160Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T.E. Fischer, S. Bhattacharya, and R. Salher, Lubrication by a Smectic Liquid Crystal, Tribol. Trans., 1988, 31(4), p 442–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    B.J. Hamrock and D. Dowson, Ball Bearing Lubrication—The Elastohydrodynamics of Elliptical Contact, Wiley, New York, 1981Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    G.W. Stachowiak and A.W. Batchelor, Engineering Tribology, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 2001, p 312–313Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. Tanaka, T. Kato, and Y. Matsumoto, Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Vibrational Friction Force due to Molecular Deformation in Confined Lubricant Film, ASME: J. Tribol., 2003, 125(3), p 587–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.L. Gee, P.M. McGuiggan, and J.N. Israelachvili, Liquid to Solid Like Transitions of Molecularly Thin Films under Shear, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 93(3), p 1895–1906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A.L. Demirel and S. Granick, Transition from Static to Kinetic Friction in a Model Lubricated System, J. Chem. Phys., 1998, 109(16), p 6889–6897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    X. Ai and H.S. Cheng, The Effects of Surface Texture on EHL Point Contacts, ASME: J. Tribol., 1996, 118(1), p 59–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    D.H. Buckley and R.L. Johnson, The Influence of Crystal Structure and Some Properties of Hexagonal Metals on Friction and Adhesion, Wear, 1968, 11(6), p 405–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Z.N. Farhat, Contribution of Crystallographic Texturing to the Sliding Friction Behaviour of FCC and HCP Metals, Wear, 2001, 250(1–12), p 401–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    F.-X. Wang, P. Lacey, R.S. Gates, and S.M. Hsu, A Study of the Relative Surface Conformity Between Two Surfaces in Sliding Contact, ASME: J. Tribol., 1991, 113(4), p 755–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. Yoshioka, A Review of the Micromechanical Approach to the Physics of Contacting Surfaces, Tectonophysics, 1997, 277(1-3), p 29–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    P. Sahoo and S.K.R. Chowdhury, A Fractal Analysis of Adhesive Wear at the Contact Between Rough Solids, Wear, 2002, 253(9-10), p 924–934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. Varadi, Z. Neder, and K. Friedrich, Evaluation of the Real Contact Areas, Pressure Distributions and Contact Temperatures during Sliding Contact between Real Metal Surfaces, Wear, 1996, 200(1–2), p 55–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradeep L. Menezes
    • 1
  • Kishore
    • 2
  • Satish V. Kailas
    • 3
  • Michael R. Lovell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Industrial EngineeringUWMMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations