Shape Memory Hooks Employed in Fasteners
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We study shape memory hooks employed in releasable fasteners. The designed fastener in question consists of two identical parts, each one containing an array of hooks made of the shape memory alloy with the pseudoelastic behavior at room temperature. The fastening function consists in interlocking of the hooks of the either part together. The firmness of the connection is tested for various hook geometry and heat treatment of the hooks. A model for the mechanical response of a loaded single shape memory hook is developed and described. Both the model and the experimental data indicate the firmness of the connection increases with increasing hook curvature and hook density. In the study, we also present the fastener manufacture using NiTi wires with a diameter of 150 μm.
Keywordsfastener modeling NiTi hooks pseudoelasticity
D.V., D.M. and M.F. acknowledge support by a Marie Curie International Reintegration Grant within the 6th European Community Framework Programme. This research has also been supported by EC via FP6 integrated project AVALON (NMP2-CT-2005-515813). M.F. and P·S. acknowledge the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic (MSMT) for financial support under Grant No. 1M06031.