Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 1209–1215 | Cite as

Characterization of the growth of intermetallic interfacial layers of Sn-Ag and Sn-Pb eutectic solders and their composite solders on Cu substrate during isothermal long-term aging

  • S. Choi
  • T. R. Bieler
  • J. P. Lucas
  • K. N. Subramanian
Special Issue Paper


Single shear lap joints were made with four different solders, Sn-Pb and Sn-Ag eutectic solders, and their composites containing about 20 vol.% in-situ Cu6Sn5 intermetallic phases about 3–8 micrometers in diameter. Two sets of experiments were performed: In the first set, all of the above four solder joints were aged at 150°C for periods ranging to 5000 h and the intermetallic growth was monitored periodically. In the second set, each of the above four solder joints was aged at five different temperatures for 4000 h. The interfacial layers between solders and the Cu substrate were examined using optical and scanning electron microscopy. The growth kinetics of intermetallic interfacial layers formed between solder and Cu substrate was characterized. The effect of in-situ Cu6Sn5 intermetallic phases on the growth rate is discussed. The growth rate of the intermetallic layers in the eutectic Sn-Pb composite was slower for the first 150 h as compared to the eutectic Sn-Pb non-composite. The growth rate of the intermetallic layers were similar for both the eutectic Sn-Ag and eutectic Sn-Ag composite throughout the aging duration. The activation energies for Cu6Sn5 layer growth for the eutectic Sn-Pb and Sn-Ag solder joints are evaluated to be 111 kJ/mol and 116 kJ/mol, respectively. The eutectic Sn-Pb and Sn-Ag composite solder joints exhibit higher activation energies of 161 kJ/mol and 203 kJ/mol.

Key words

Sn/Pb eutectic solder Sn/Ag eutectic solder interfacial layers 


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Copyright information

© TMS-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Choi
    • 1
  • T. R. Bieler
    • 1
  • J. P. Lucas
    • 1
  • K. N. Subramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and MechanicsMichigan State UniversityEast Lansing

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