Towery, D. & Fury, M.A. Journal of Elec Materi (1998) 27: 1088. doi:10.1007/s11664-998-0142-z
Strategies to reduce capacitance effects associated with shrinking integrated circuit (IC) design rules include incorporating low resistivity metals and insulators with low dielectric values, or “low-κ” materials. Using such materials in current IC fabrication schemes necessitates the development of reliable chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) processes and process consumables tailored for them. Here we present results of CMP experiments performed on FLARE™ 2.0 using a specialized zirconium oxide (ZrO2) polishing slurry. FLARE™ 2.0 is a poly(arylene) ether from AlliedSignal, Inc. with a nominal dielectric constant of 2.8. In addition, we provide insight into possible removal mechanisms during the CMP of organic polymers by examining the performance of numerous abrasive slurries. Although specific to a limited number of polymers, the authors suggest that the information presented in this paper is relevant to the CMP performance of many polymer dielectric materials.