Pre-embedding Lithium to Build a Composite SnO2@Li/MWCNTs Anode

  • Jingyi Zou
  • Xiaogang SunEmail author
  • Rui Li
  • Qiang He


Lithium ions were inserted into the electrodes of tin oxide to eliminate the first irreversible capacity of the Li-SnO2 batteries. The stabilizing SEI film was obtained from pre-embedding lithium. Thereby, first irreversible capacity of the Li-SnO2 batteries is prevented with significantly increasing the specific capacity and reducing the damage. As a result, the SnO2@Li/MWCNTs electrodes exhibited outstanding electrochemical performance, first discharge specific capacity reached 1700.15 mAh g−1, and the utilization rate of active materials reached as high as 95.89% at 100 mAh g−1. After 100 cycles, the specific discharge capacity remained greater than 499.94 mAh g−1, with a coulombic efficiency of 99.77%.


Tin oxide carbon nanotubes pre-embedding lithium first irreversible capacity lithium-ion batteries 


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The authors are grateful to the Jiangxi scientific fund (20142BBE50071) and Jiangxi education fund (KJLD13006).

Conflict of interest

We declare that we do not have any commercial or associative interest that represents a conflict of interest in connection with the work submitted.


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© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechantronics EngineeringNanchang UniversityNanchangChina

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