Cu(Zn,Sn)(S,Se)2 Solar Cells with a Nanocomposite Window Layer Produced by Totally Nonvacuum Methods

  • Thị Thu Hien Nguyen
  • Anh Tuan Pham
  • Duc Huy Tran
  • Viet Anh Dung Dang
  • Ngoc Phan Vu
  • Huu Dung Nguyen
  • Thanh Tung Duong
  • Duy Cuong NguyenEmail author
Progress and Challenges for Emerging Integrated Energy Modules
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Progress and Challenges for Emerging Integrated Energy Modules


The authors report the optical and electrical properties of nanocomposite films of Ag-nanowires (Ag-NWs) and indium-tin oxide nanoparticles (ITO-NPs) and their application in window electrodes in solar cells. We found that the electrical and optical properties of Ag-NWs/ITO-NPs nanocomposite films strongly depend on the thickness. Nanocomposite film with 1000 nm thickness was observed to be most suitable for application as window electrodes in Cu(Zn,Sn)(S,Se)2 solar cells. The parameters of the cell using a 1000 nm-thick nanocomposite window electrode are short-circuit current density of 24.2 mA/cm2, open-circuit voltage of 0.32 V, fill factor of 0.44, and conversion efficiency of 3.37%. The results demonstrated an economical pathway for fabricating solar cells without vacuum methods.


CZTSSe solar cells nanocomposite Ag nanowire ITO nanoparticles nonvacuum methods 


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This research is funded by the Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under Grant Number 103.02-2017.45.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 2660 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thị Thu Hien Nguyen
    • 1
    • 4
  • Anh Tuan Pham
    • 4
  • Duc Huy Tran
    • 2
  • Viet Anh Dung Dang
    • 3
  • Ngoc Phan Vu
    • 1
  • Huu Dung Nguyen
    • 1
  • Thanh Tung Duong
    • 1
  • Duy Cuong Nguyen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Nano Optoelectronics Laboratory, Advanced Institute for Science and TechnologyHanoi University of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHanoi University of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.School of Chemical EngineeringHanoi University of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  4. 4.Faculty of Power SystemElectric Power UniversityHanoiVietnam

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