Complex Optical and Thermal Studies on As-Synthesized Conducting Polythiophene
A series of conducting polythiophene (PTh) samples have been synthesized using an in situ chemical oxidative polymerization technique in aqueous solution. The characterization of the as-synthesized optimized sample has been carried out by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric–differential thermal analysis techniques. Also, the complex optical parameters of all the as-synthesized polymeric samples have been investigated by using ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy. The as-synthesized polymeric samples exhibited absorption around 220–280 nm. The optical band gap was found to ranges from 5.06 eV to 5.24 eV. The maximum optical conductivity for the sample with a stoichiometric ratio of thiophene to FeCl3 of 70:30 wt.% was found to be 5.973 × 108 S cm−1 at 280 nm. The experimental results reveal that the thermal and optical performance of conducting PTh can be dramatically enhanced for the sample with a stoichiometric ratio of thiophene to FeCl3 of 70:30 wt.%. The improved complex optical properties of as-synthesized samples of conducting PTh validate their potential utilization in optoelectronic devices.
KeywordsPolythiophene thermal analysis complex optical properties
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Authors are very grateful to the Head, Department of Physics Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati for providing the necessary facilities.
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