Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Descriptions of Ag-Ge and Ag-Ge-Ni Systems

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Abstract

Gibbs energy modeling of Ag-Ge and Ag-Ge-Ni systems was done using the calculation of the phase diagram method with associated data from this work and relevant literature information. In the Ag-Ge system, the solidus temperatures of Ag-rich alloys are measured using differential thermal analysis, and the energy of mixing for the FCC_A1 phase is calculated using the special quasi-random structures technique. The isothermal sections of the Ag-Ge-Ni system at 1023 K and 673 K are also experimentally determined. These data and findings in the relevant literature are used to model the Gibbs energy of the Ag-Ge and Ag-Ge- Ni systems. A reaction scheme and a liquidus projection of the Ag-Ge-Ni system are determined.

Keywords

Differential thermal analysis (DTA) x-ray diffraction (XRD) electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) special quasi random structures (SQS) Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP) calculation of phase diagram (Calphad) 

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Acknowledgement

The Ministry of Science and Technology Taiwan (MOST 104-281-E-007-054) sponsored this project. The authors express their thanks to Dr. Jean-Claude Crivello, Chimie Metallurgigue des Terres Rares Institut de Chimie et des Materiaux Paris-Est, UMR 7182, CNRS – Universite Paris Est 2-8 rue Henri Dunant 94320 Thiais, for his email interaction regarding ZenGen. Also, special thanks to Dr. Chi-Wing Tsang and Dr. Michael Klinge of Springer Materials (product management), Database Research Group, Springer Nature, Tiergartenstrasse 17, 69121 Heidelberg, Germany for providing the key literature references of the Ag-Ge-Ni system and its sub-systems.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Tsing Hua UniversityHsinchuTaiwan

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