Thermoelectric and Transport Properties of n-type Palladium-Doped Chalcopyrite Cu1−xPdxFeS2 Compounds

  • Jiří NavratilEmail author
  • Jana Kašparová
  • Tomáš Plecháček
  • Ludvík Beneš
  • Zuzana Olmrová-Zmrhalová
  • Vladimír Kucek
  • Čestmír Drašar
Topical Collection: International Conference on Thermoelectrics 2018
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. International Conference on Thermoelectrics 2018
  2. International Conference on Thermoelectrics 2018


Semiconducting CuFeS2 with a diamond-like structure has been recently studied as a potential candidate for thermoelectric applications. In the present study, Pd substitution for Cu was examined in terms of thermoelectric properties. A series of Pd-doped Cu1−xPdxFeS2 (x = 0–0.1) samples were synthesized. The thermoelectric and transport properties of hot-pressed sample pellets were characterized. We observed three effects: (1) Pd substituted for Cu behaves as an effective donor, increasing the free electron concentration. (2) Formation of the foreign phase—PdS—was observed above the solubility limit of Pd in CuFeS2 (x ≥ 0.02). (3) Segregation of the foreign phase is accompanied by the formation of \( {\hbox{Fe}}_{\rm{Cu}}^{2 + } \) antisite defects. All these effects synergically enhanced both the power factor S2·σ and the thermoelectric parameter ZT. The highest values of the power factor (∼ 1 mW m−1 K−1) and the ZT parameter (∼ 0.19 at 573 K) were achieved in the Cu0.9Pd0.1FeS2 sample.


CuFeS2 chalcopyrite palladium doping thermoelectrics 


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Financial support from the Czech Science Foundation, Projects Nos. 16-07711S and 18-12761S, was greatly appreciated.


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© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical TechnologyUniversity of PardubicePardubiceCzech Republic

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