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Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 1045–1058 | Cite as

Electronic and Magnetic Structures, Magnetic Hyperfine Fields and Electric Field Gradients in UX3 (X = In, Tl, Pb) Intermetallic Compounds

  • Sajid Khan
  • Majid Yazdani-Kachoei
  • Saeid Jalali-Asadabadi
  • Muhammad Bilal Farooq
  • Iftikhar Ahmad
Article

Abstract

Cubic uranium compounds such as UX3 (X is a non-transition element of groups IIIA or IVA) exhibit highly diverse magnetic properties, including Pauli paramagnetism, spin fluctuation and anti-ferromagnetism. In the present paper, we explore the structural, electronic and magnetic properties as well as the hyperfine fields (HFFs) and electric field gradients (EFGs) with quadrupole coupling constant of UX3 (X = In, Tl, Pb) compounds using local density approximation, Perdew–Burke–Ernzerhof parametrization of generalized gradient approximation (PBE-GGA) including the Hubbard U parameter (GGA + U), a revised version of PBE-GGA that improves equilibrium properties of densely packed solids and their surfaces (PBEsol-GGA), and a hybrid functional (HF-PBEsol). The spin orbit-coupling calculations have been added to investigate the relativistic effect of electrons in these materials. The comparison between the experimental parameters and our calculated structural parameters we confirm the consistency and effectiveness of our theoretical tools. The computed magnetic moments show that magnetic moment increases from indium to lead in the UX3 family, and all these compounds are antiferromagnetic in nature. The EFGs and HFFs, as well as the quadrupole coupling constant of UX3 (X = In, Tl, Pb), are discussed in detail. These properties primarily originate from f and p states of uranium and post-transition sites.

Keywords

Structural properties state-of-the-art calculations magnetic properties hyperfine field (HFF) electric field gradient (EFG) quadrupole coupling constant 

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sajid Khan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Majid Yazdani-Kachoei
    • 4
  • Saeid Jalali-Asadabadi
    • 4
  • Muhammad Bilal Farooq
    • 1
    • 5
  • Iftikhar Ahmad
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for Computational Materials ScienceUniversity of MalakandChakdaraPakistan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of MalakandChakdaraPakistan
  3. 3.Govt Post Graduate CollegeCharsaddaPakistan
  4. 4.Department of Physics, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsAbbottabad University of Science and TechnologyHavelian, AbbottabadPakistan
  6. 6.Abbottabad University of Science and TechnologyHavelian, AbbottabadPakistan

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