Phase Formation and Thermoelectric Properties of Doped Higher Manganese Silicides (Mn15Si26)
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We herein report substitutional doping effects on the electronic and thermal transport properties of higher manganese silicides (HMS) Mn15Si26. Polycrystalline bulks of Mn0.972A0.028Si1.80 and MnSi1.75B0.028 (A = V, Cr, Mo/B = Al, Ge) were fabricated by a solid-state reaction combined with the spark plasma sintering technique, and their thermoelectric properties were evaluated. We found that thermoelectric performance of Mn15Si26 was significantly enhanced due to the simultaneous improvement in electronic transport and phonon scattering via partial substitution of foreign atoms at Mn- and/or Si-sites. Through the small amount of Cr doping at the Mn-site and Al and Ge doping at the Si-site, the power factor was improved due to enhancement in density of the state's effective mass. Thermal transport properties could be also manipulated due to the point defect phonon scattering effect, and reduced lattice thermal conductivity was obtained with Ge-doped HMS. As a consequence, the maximum dimensionless figure␣of merit ZT of 0.64 at 773 K (increased 50% compared to undoped Mn15Si26) was obtained in Ge-doped Mn15Si26.
KeywordsSubstitutional doping higher manganese silicide thermoelectric phonon scattering density of states effective mass
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This work was supported by the Korea government (MSIP) (2014R1A2A1A10053869), the Priority Research Centers Program (2009-0093823) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), and the Industrial Fundamental Technology Development Program (10052977) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) of Korea.
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