Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 45, Issue 11, pp 5526–5532 | Cite as

Modeling the Thermoelectric Properties of Ti5O9 Magnéli Phase Ceramics

  • Sudeep J. Pandey
  • Giri Joshi
  • Shidong Wang
  • Stefano Curtarolo
  • Romain M. Gaume


Magnéli phase Ti5O9 ceramics with 200-nm grain-size were fabricated by hot-pressing nanopowders of titanium and anatase TiO2 at 1223 K. The thermoelectric properties of these ceramics were investigated from room temperature to 1076 K. We show that the experimental variation of the electrical conductivity with temperature follows a non-adiabatic small-polaron model with an activation energy of 64 meV. In this paper, we propose a modified Heikes-Chaikin-Beni model, based on a canonical ensemble of closely spaced titanium t 2g levels, to account for the temperature dependency of the Seebeck coefficient. Modeling of the thermal conductivity data reveals that the phonon contribution remains constant throughout the investigated temperature range. The thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT of this nanoceramic material reaches 0.3 K at 1076 K.


Thermoelectrics nanoceramics magnéli phase small polaron Ti5O9 


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The authors would like to thank the Office of Naval Research (O.N.R.) for supporting this work (N00014-11-1-0136). The authors also thank Natalio Mingo and Jesus Carrete for various technical discussions.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudeep J. Pandey
    • 1
  • Giri Joshi
    • 2
  • Shidong Wang
    • 3
  • Stefano Curtarolo
    • 3
  • Romain M. Gaume
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Evident ThermoelectricsTroyUSA
  3. 3.Department of Material Science and EngineeringDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  4. 4.College of Optics and Photonics, CREOLUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  5. 5.Department of Material Science and EngineeringUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  6. 6.NanoScience Technology CenterUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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