Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 45, Issue 7, pp 3651–3658 | Cite as

Drop Reliability of Epoxy-contained Sn-58 wt.%Bi Solder Joint with ENIG and ENEPIG Surface Finish Under Temperature and Humidity Test

  • Woo-Ram Myung
  • Yongil Kim
  • Kyung-Yeol Kim
  • Seung-Boo JungEmail author


The influence of two kinds of surface finish, namely electroless nickel immersion gold (ENIG) and electroless nickel electroless palladium immersion gold (ENEPIG), on the interfacial reactions and drop reliability of epoxy-enhanced Sn-58 wt.%Bi solder has been investigated after temperature–humidity storage tests. The chemical composition and morphology of intermetallic compounds (IMCs) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and electron probe microanalysis. Also, the mechanical reliability of solder joints was evaluated using board-level drop tests. The Sn-Bi epoxy solder/ENEPIG joint exhibited higher IMC growth rate than the Sn-Bi epoxy solder/ENIG joint. After 500 h at 85°C/85% RH storage condition, new IMCs were formed on the Ni3Sn4 layer in samples with both surface finishes. The results of board-level drop tests showed that the number of drops was higher for the ENIG than the ENEPIG surface finish. Solder joint fracture occurred along the interface between the solder and IMC layer for the ENIG surface finish. However, with the ENEPIG surface finish, the crack propagated between the IMCs.


Sn-58 wt.%Bi epoxy solder ENIG ENEPIG board-level drop test temperature–humidity test 


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This work was supported by the Human Resources Program in Energy Technology of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry, & Energy, Republic of Korea (20154030200870).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Woo-Ram Myung
    • 1
  • Yongil Kim
    • 1
  • Kyung-Yeol Kim
    • 2
  • Seung-Boo Jung
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT)Sungkyunkwan UniversitySuwonSouth Korea
  2. 2.School of Advanced Materials Science & EngineeringSungkyunkwan UniversitySuwonSouth Korea

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