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Performance of Indium Gallium Zinc Oxide Thin-Film Transistors in Saline Solution


Transistors are often envisioned as alternative transducing devices to microelectrodes to communicate with the nervous system. Independently of the selected technology, the transistors should have reliable performance when exposed to physiological conditions (37°C, 5% CO2). Here, we report on the reliable performance of parylene encapsulated indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) based thin-film transistors (TFTs) after prolonged exposure to phosphate buffer saline solution in an incubator. The encapsulated IGZO TFTs (W/L = 500 μm/20 μm) have an ON/OFF current ratio of 107 and field effect mobility of 8.05 ± 0.78 cm2/Vs. The transistors operate within 4 V; their threshold voltages and subthreshold slope are ~1.9 V and 200 mV/decade, respectively. After weeks immersed in saline solution and at 37°C, we did not observe any significant deterioration in the transistors’ performance. The long-term stability of IGZO transistors at physiological conditions is a promising result in the direction of metal oxide bioelectronics.

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This work was supported by the Bertarelli Foundation, a European Research Council Starting Grant, ERC ESKIN, No. 259419.

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Correspondence to S. Gupta.

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Gupta, S., Lacour, S.P. Performance of Indium Gallium Zinc Oxide Thin-Film Transistors in Saline Solution. Journal of Elec Materi 45, 3192–3194 (2016).

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  • IGZO
  • encapsulation
  • phosphonate buffer solution
  • flexible substrate