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A Multi-Point Measurement Method for Thermal Characterization of Foil Bearings Using Customized Thermocouples

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Abstract

Gas foil bearings have become widespread covering the applications of micro-turbines, motors, compressors, and turbocharges, prevalently of small size. The specific construction of the bearing, despite all of its advantages, makes it vulnerable to a local difference in heat generation rates that can be extremely detrimental. The developing thermal gradients may lead to thermal runaway or seizure that eventually causes bearing failure, usually abrupt in nature. The authors propose a method for thermal gradient removal with the use of current-controlled thermoelectric modules. To fulfill the task of control law adoption the numerical model of the heat distribution in a bearing has been built. Although sparse readings obtained experimentally with standard thermocouples are enough to determine thermal gradients successfully, validation of the bearing numerical model may be impeded. To improve spatial resolution of the experimental measurements the authors proposed a matrix of customized thermocouples located on the top foil. The foil acts as a shared conductor for each thermocouple that reduces the number of cable connections. The proof of concept of the control and measurement systems has been demonstrated in a still bearing heated by a cartridge heater.

References

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    S. Shrestha (Dissertation, The University of Texas at Arlington, 2012).

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    J. Roemer, M. Lubieniecki, D. Polaczek, M. Miodunka, and T. Uhl (Paper presented at XIV Mechatronic Workshop, Kraków, 2–3 June 2014).

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    J. Roemer, M. Lubieniecki, A. Martowicz, and T. Uhl, Proceedings of 7th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, (Ponta Delgada, June 03–06, 2015).

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Acknowledgement

The authors acknowledge the project “The use of thermoelectric materials to improve thermal stability of high-speed rotor bearings systems”, No. PBS1/A6/6/2012 financed by the National Centre for Researched and Development.

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Author information

Correspondence to Michał Lubieniecki.

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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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Lubieniecki, M., Roemer, J., Martowicz, A. et al. A Multi-Point Measurement Method for Thermal Characterization of Foil Bearings Using Customized Thermocouples. Journal of Elec Materi 45, 1473–1477 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-015-4082-0

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Keywords

  • Smart structures
  • foil bearings
  • active cooling
  • Peltier modules
  • thermoelectricity