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Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 264–278 | Cite as

Experimental Study of Au-Pt-Sn Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Assessment of the Au-Pt and Au-Pt-Sn Systems

  • Vincent Grolier
  • Rainer Schmid-Fetzer
Article

Abstract

The Calphad method has been employed to generate a consistent thermodynamic description of the Au-Pt-Sn system, including a thermodynamic evaluation of the Au-Pt system, incorporating all phase equilibria and thermodynamic data. Special attention has been given to assign reasonable values to the parameters in view of the rather wide range of freedom for optimization. Our own experimental analyses of the Au-Pt-Sn system were carried out with differential thermal analysis and microstructural analysis using scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis. The proposed thermodynamic descriptions are found to describe properly the binary Au-Pt and ternary Au-Pt-Sn phase equilibria.

Keywords

Phase diagram Calphad thermodynamic modeling Au-Pt Au-Pt-Sn lead-free solder 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has been supported by Osram Opto Semiconductors GmbH, Regensburg. Special thanks are due to Dr. A. Plößl for his encouragement of this study.

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Copyright information

© TMS 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of MetallurgyClausthal University of TechnologyClausthal-ZellerfeldGermany

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