Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp L19–L22 | Cite as

Nanostructured thermoelectric materials

  • T. C. Harman
  • M. P. Walsh
  • B. E. laforge
  • G. W. Turner


High values of thermoelectric figures of merit ZT, ranging from ZT=1.6 at 300 K to ZT=3 at 550 K, are reported for Bi-doped n-type PbSeTe/PbTe quantum-dot superlattice (QDSL) samples grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). These ZT values were determined by directly measuring Seebeck coefficients and electrical conductivities and using the low lattice thermal conductivity value (∼3.3 mW/cm-K) determined experimentally from measurements of a one-legged thermoelectric cooler. Initial experiments have also shown that high values of ZT (∼1.1 at 300 K) are achievable for complementary Na-doped p-type PbSeTe/PbTe QDSL samples, in which the conduction and valence bands mirror those in the Bi-doped Pb chalcogenides.

Key words

PbSeTe/PbTe quantum-dot superlattice (QDSL) PbTe Bi-doped Na-doped 


  1. 1.
    R. Venkatasubramanian, E. Sivola, T. Colpitts, and B. O’Quinn, Nature 413, 597 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T.C. Harman, P.J. Taylor, M.P. Walsh, and B.E. LaForge, Science 297, 2229 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K.F. Hsu, S.L.F. Guo, W. Chen, J.S. Dyck, C. Uher, T. Hogan, E.K. Polychroniadis, and M.G. Kanatzidis, Science 303, 818 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H.K. Lyeo, A.A. Khajetoorians, L. Shi, K.P. Pipe, R.J. Ram, A. Shakouri, and C.K. Shih, Science 303, 816 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Bullen and D.G. Cahill, personal communication.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E.D. Devyatkova and V.V. Tikhonov, Sov. Phys.-Solid State 7, 1427 (1965).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Norton and M. Tacke, J. Cryst. Growth 81, 405 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.L. Partin, C.M. Thrush, S.J. Simko, and S.W. Gaarenstroom, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6115 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.O. Dimmock, I. Melngailis, and A.J. Strauss, Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 1193 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© TMS-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. C. Harman
    • 1
  • M. P. Walsh
    • 1
  • B. E. laforge
    • 1
  • G. W. Turner
    • 1
  1. 1.Lincoln LaboratoryMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyLexington

Personalised recommendations