Photoluminescence of InAs quantum dots coupled to a two-dimensional electron gas
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Self-assembled InAs quantum dots have been extensively studied by a variety of experimental techniques. Works have been done on the transport properties of the InAs dots located near a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG). However, there have been few reports on the optical properties of the InAs dots located closely to 2DEG. In this work, InAs dots samples with 2DEG and without 2DEG growth by solid source molecular beam epitaxy were studied using photoluminescence measurements. Different photoluminescence behaviors between the InAs dots and the InAs dots near the 2DEG were observed. It was found that the emission efficiency of the InAs dots was significantly enhanced by the existence of the nearby 2DEG and the thermal activation energy of the InAs dots was decreased by the 2DEG. It was speculated that the 2DEG at the AlGaAs/GaAs interface worked as an electron reservoir to the InAs dots. As a result, the conduction band between the dots and 2DEG is lowered, and thus the thermal activation energy of PL is lowered. It was concluded that in this way the optical properties of the InAs quantum dots could be tailored for optical applications.
Key wordsPhotoluminescence quantum dots 2DEG
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