Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1089–1093 | Cite as

Hydrothermal synthesis of dy-doped BaTiO3 powders

  • Ersin E. Oren
  • A. Cuneyt Tas


Submicron-sized (∼200 nm), monodisperse, and spherical powders of pure and dysprosium (Dy)-doped (0.8 at. pct) BaTiO3 have been prepared by “hydrothermal synthesis” at 90 °C in an air atmosphere. The powder preparation procedure developed in this work did not necessitate the use of strict and expensive processes, which were commonly required for the removal of free CO2 present in the atmosphere. The prepared powders were found to be crystalline, pure, and contained no BaCO3 as an impurity phase. Pure and Dy-doped BaTiO3 powders synthesized at 90 °C had the pseudocubic (space group: Pm-3m) crystal structure. Grain growth characteristics of pure and Dy-doped BaTiO3 pellets were compared during sintering in air over the temperature range from 1200 °C to 1500 °C. The Dy doping was found to be significantly effective in inhibiting the anomalous grain growth in BaTiO3 samples heated at or above 1200 °C.


Material Transaction Hydrothermal Synthesis Barium Titanate Dysprosium Rietveld Analysis 
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Copyright information

© ASM International & TMS-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ersin E. Oren
    • 1
  • A. Cuneyt Tas
    • 2
  1. 1.the Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.the Max-Planck-InstituteStuttgartGermany

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