Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 933–944 | Cite as

Reactive infiltration of silicon melt through microporous amorphous carbon preforms

  • P. Sangsuwan
  • S. N. Tewari
  • J. E. Gatica
  • M. Singh
  • R. Dickerson


The kinetics of unidirectional capillary infiltration of silicon melt into microporous carbon preforms has been investigated as a function of the pore morphology and melt temperature. The infiltrated specimens showed alternating bands of dark and bright regions, which corresponded to the unreacted free carbon and free silicon regions, respectively. The decrease in the infiltration front velocity for increasing infiltration distances is in qualitative agreement with the closed-form solution of capillarity-driven fluid flow through constant-cross-section cylindrical pores. However, drastic changes in the thermal response and infiltration front morphologies were observed for minute differences in the preform’s microstructure. This suggests the need for a dynamic percolation model that would account for the exothermic nature of the silicon-carbon chemical reaction and the associated pore-closing phenomenon.


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Copyright information

© ASM International & TMS-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Sangsuwan
    • 1
  • S. N. Tewari
    • 2
  • J. E. Gatica
    • 2
  • M. Singh
    • 3
  • R. Dickerson
    • 4
  1. 1.3M Thailand LimitedBangkokThailand
  2. 2.the Department of Chemical EngineeringCleveland State UniversityCleveland
  3. 3.NYMA, Inc.Lewis Research Center GroupCleveland
  4. 4.Los Alamos National LaboratoriesLos AlamosUSA

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