An in situ observation technique of the TiO2 interfacial behavior in molten LiCl-KCl electrolysis was developed. The variation of the thin TiO2 electrode surface were tracked through the high-speed digital microscopy synchronized with the electrochemical measurement. Two characteristic interfacial behaviors were discovered: physical breakage of the titanium oxide and Li(l) spreading on electrode surface. These electrochemically induced interfacial behaviors affect the current-time curves due to the heterogeneity of the titanium oxide film shape.
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This work was made possible by the financial support from the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI Grant No. 18K14036), the Iketani Science and Technology Foundation (Grant No. 0291073-A), Tanikawa Fund Promotion of Thermal Technology, and Amano Institute of Technology.
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Manuscript submitted May 12, 2019.
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Natsui, S., Sudo, T., Shibuya, R. et al. Visualization of TiO2 Reduction Behavior in Molten Salt Electrolysis. Metall and Materi Trans B 51, 11–15 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-019-01733-7