Design and Application of CSC-Roll for Heavy Reduction of the Bloom Continuous Casting Process
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Center quality control is a key issue affecting large-section bloom production and product quality. The central convex roll could avoid the bloom side part and yield a high reduction amount, which benefit the implement of heavy reduction (HR) for bloom continuous casting process without upgrading the mechanical and hydraulic system of withdrawal and straightening machine. In this work, a curving surface convex roll (CSC-Roll), which could significantly improve bloom center quality, was designed by finite element simulation for a 360 mm × 450 mm #45 steel continuous casting bloom. The optimal roll surface shape of the CSC-Roll was determined based on an analysis of the distribution of the reduction amount in the bloom center and the strain of the bloom centerline and inner surface. The calculation results showed that the optimal size of the CSC-Roll was 200 mm in convex platform region length, 30 mm in convex platform region height, and 80 mm in gradient curvature region length. The bloom heat transfer and deformation behavior in the CSC-Roll reduction process were then analyzed. The results showed that in the CSC-Roll HR process, 61.71 pct of the reduction amount could be transmitted to the inner side of the porosity zone. Macrographs of the 360 mm × 450 mm #45 steel continuous casting bloom proved that the bloom center quality was significantly improved after CSC-Roll HR was applied.
The present work is financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFB0304502), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51474058 and U1560208), the Program for Liaoning Excellent Talents in University (LJQ2015036) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (N172504024).
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