Molecular Dynamics Simulation on the Effect of MgO/Al2O3 Ratio on Structure and Properties of Blast Furnace Slag Under Different Basicity Conditions
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The SiO2-Al2O3-CaO-MgO is the basic structural system of blast furnace slag and the composition directly affects the performance of the slag. Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out to analyze the local structure, structural unit, bond angle, transport properties, and enthalpy of the slag with the increase of MgO/Al2O3 mass ratio under different basicity conditions. It was found that the change of MgO/Al2O3 ratio does not affect the short-range order structure, but it will reduce the overall stability of the network structure. Through the analysis of the structural unit of the slag, it was found that the polymerization degree of the system decreases with the increase of MgO/Al2O3 ratio, indicating that the complex network structure of the system is partially depolymerized. Besides, the self-diffusion coefficients of each ion were concluded and the magnitudes were observed to be in the following order: Mg2+>Ca2+>Al3+>O2->Si4+. The diffusivity of the slag increases with the increase of MgO/Al2O3 ratio and the corresponding viscosity decreases. And the enthalpy of the slag is increased with the increase of MgO/Al2O3 ratio or basicity, therefore the fuel consumption should also be properly adjusted during the operation of blast furnace to ensure the target temperature.
Computations were performed on the Niagara supercomputer at the SciNet HPC Consortium in the Compute/Calcul Canada national computing platform. SciNet is funded by the Canada Foundation for Innovation under the auspices of Compute Canada, the Government of Ontario, Ontario Research Fund - Research Excellence, and the University of Toronto. The authors acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation of China (51774032), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFB0304300 & 2017YFB0304303), and the Chinese Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (FRF-TP-17-086A1).
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