Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 49, Issue 6, pp 3603–3615 | Cite as

A Phase-Field Lattice-Boltzmann Study on Dendritic Growth of Al-Cu Alloy Under Convection

  • Ang Zhang
  • Jinglian Du
  • Zhipeng GuoEmail author
  • Qigui Wang
  • Shoumei XiongEmail author


Effects of convection (forced and natural) on dendritic evolution of the Al-Cu alloy were investigated using a phase-field lattice-Boltzmann approach. The non-linear coupled equations were solved by applying a parallel and adaptive mesh refinement algorithm. Important physical aspects including dendritic fragmentation, splitting, and formation of solute plumes were simulated. Results showed that the dendritic growth patterns under convection exhibited remarkable difference from those without convection. The presence of flow led to variation of solute diffusion and upstream–downstream dendritic growth difference, which further influenced the development of dendritic arms and multi-dendritic competitive growth. When the convection intensity was magnified, the convection-induced anisotropy became dominated, and the growth patterns changed accordingly to accommodate the local thermodynamic variation.



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant Numbers U1537202 and 51701104], the Tsinghua-General Motors International Collaboration Project [Grant Number 20153000354], the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program (20151080370), and the Tsinghua Qingfeng Scholarship (THQF2018-15). The authors would also like to thank the National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology in Tsinghua University for access to supercomputing facilities.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Materials Technology, GM Global Powertrain EngineeringPontiacUSA
  3. 3.Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials Processing Technology, Ministry of EducationTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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