Effect of Iron Phase Evolution on Copper Separation from Slag Via Coal-Based Reduction
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Copper slag, a by-product of copper pyrometallurgy, inevitably contains a certain amount of copper. Oxygen-enriched smelting technologies increase the copper content in slag indirectly because of the production of higher-grade matte. The effect of iron phase evolution on the copper content in slag during the slag cleaning process in an electric furnace was investigated using the method of combining theory with experiments. Based on the analysis, the main factors that impede the separation of slag and copper/matte were determined. Subsequently, the properties of slag were analyzed after decreasing the magnetite content within the slag. The experimental results showed that decreases in magnetite content were beneficial for the separation of copper and slag because of the decrease of slag viscosity. Nevertheless, Cu-Fe alloys formed when magnetite was completely reduced to metallic iron, and the foaming slag was formed at 1250 °C. Furthermore, the distribution of copper in the reduced slags was studied in detail.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1602272 and 51664039) and the Analysis and Testing Foundation of Kunming University of Science and Technology (2017P20161102004).
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