Fractional Crystallization Model of Multicomponent Aluminum Alloys: A Case Study of Aircraft Recycling
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A one-dimensional numerical solidification model has been developed to predict the recovery and refining efficiency of fractional crystallization applied to a blend of aircraft Al scraps with variations of Fe and Si. The model incorporates the effective partition coefficient depending on the degree of melt stirring. Moreover, the kinetic factors that affect the formation of primary Al FCC during fractional crystallization such as solidification velocity, thermal gradient, cooling rate, and solute back-diffusion are taken into account. The simulation results suggest that the optimum solidification velocities that are able to yield the highest refining can be ranged between 1.0 × 10−6 and 1.0 × 10−5 m/s with medium to high stirring levels. The maximum recovery of refined Al has been estimated to be 31 wt pct of the initial scrap when the process is carried out at 1 × 10−6 m/s and the initial concentrations of Fe and Si are 1 and 2 pct, respectively.
KeywordsFractional Crystallization Diffusion Boundary Layer Refining Efficiency Solidification Velocity Fractional Crystallization Process
The authors would like to thank the Consortium de Recherche et d’Innovation en Aérospatiale au Québec (CRIAQ), Bombardier, Bell Helicopter, Sotrem-Maltech, BFI, Nano Quebec, and Aluminerie Alouette for their project funding.
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