Fabrication of Ni-Ti Alloy by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis and Spark Plasma Sintering Technique
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This work is focused on the possibilities of preparing Ni-Ti46 wt pct alloy by powder metallurgy methods. The self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) and combination of SHS reaction, milling, and spark plasma sintering consolidation (SPS) are explored. The aim of this work is the development of preparation method with the lowest amount of undesirable phases (mainly Ti2Ni phase). The SHS with high heating rate (approx. 200 and 300 K min−1) was applied. Because the SHS product is very porous, it was milled in vibratory disk milling and consolidated by SPS technique at temperatures of 1173 K, 1273 K, and 1373 K (900 °C, 1000 °C, and 1100 °C). The microstructures of samples prepared by SHS reaction and combination of SHS reaction, milling, and SPS consolidation are compared. The changes in microstructure with increasing temperature of SPS consolidation are observed. Mechanical properties are tested by hardness measurement. The way to reduce the amount of Ti2Ni phase in structure is leaching of powder in 35 pct hydrochloric acid before SPS consolidation.
Financial support from specific university research (MSMT No 20-SVV/2016) and Czech Science Foundation, Project No. 14-03044S.
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