Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 1553–1564 | Cite as

Computation of Phase Fractions in Austenite Transformation with the Dilation Curve for Various Cooling Regimens in Continuous Casting

  • Zhihua Dong
  • Dengfu ChenEmail author
  • Mujun Long
  • Wei Li
  • Huabiao Chen
  • Levente Vitos


A concise model is applied to compute the microstructure evolution of austenite transformation by using the dilation curve of continuously cast steels. The model is verified by thermodynamic calculations and microstructure examinations. When applying the model, the phase fractions and the corresponding transforming rates during austenite transformation are investigated at various cooling rates and chemical compositions. In addition, ab initio calculations are performed for paramagnetic body-centered-cubic Fe to understand the thermal expansion behavior of steels at an atomic scale. Results indicate that by increasing the cooling rate, the final volume fraction of ferrite/pearlite will gradually increase/decrease with a greater transforming rate of ferrite. The ferrite fraction increases after austenite transformation with lowering of the carbon content and increasing of the substitutional alloying fractions. In the austenite transformation, the thermal expansion coefficient is sequentially determined by the forming rate of ferrite and pearlite. According to the ab initio theoretical calculations for the single phase of ferrite, thermal expansion emerges from magnetic evolution and lattice vibration, the latter playing the dominant role. The theoretical predictions for volume and thermal expansion coefficient are in good agreement with the experimental data.


Ferrite Austenite Cool Rate Cementite Pearlite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Project No. 51374260) and the Natural Science Foundation of Chongqing (Project No. cstc2013jcyjA50005). Part of the work was supported by the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, the Chinese Scholarship Council, and the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA 84078 and 109570).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhihua Dong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dengfu Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mujun Long
    • 1
  • Wei Li
    • 2
  • Huabiao Chen
    • 1
  • Levente Vitos
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingP.R. China
  2. 2.Applied Materials Physics, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringRoyal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Materials TheoryUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  4. 4.Research Institute for Solid State Physics and OpticsWigner Research Center for PhysicsBudapestHungary

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