Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 125–134 | Cite as

Microscopic Study of Carbon Surfaces Interacting with High Carbon Ferromanganese Slag

  • Jafar Safarian
  • Leiv Kolbeinsen


The interaction of carbon materials with molten slags occurs in many pyro-metallurgical processes. In the production of high carbon ferromanganese in submerged arc furnace, the carbothermic reduction of MnO-containing silicate slags yields the metal product. In order to study the interaction of carbon with MnO-containing slags, sessile drop wettability technique is employed in this study to reduce MnO from a molten slag drop by carbon substrates. The interfacial area on the carbon substrate before and after reaction with slag is studied by scanning electron microscope. It is indicated that no Mn metal particles are found at the interface through the reduction of the MnO slag. Moreover, the reduction of MnO occurs through the contribution of Boudouard reaction and it causes carbon consumption in particular active sites at the interface, which generate carbon degradation and open pore growth at the interface. It is shown that the slag is fragmented to many micro-droplets at the reaction interface, potentially due to the effect on the interfacial energies of a provisional liquid Mn thin film. The rapid reduction of these slag micro-droplets affects the carbon surface with making deep micro-pores. A mechanism for the formation of slag micro-droplets is proposed, which is based on the formation of provisional micro thin films of liquid Mn at the interface.


Carbon Surface Carbon Substrate Carbothermic Reduction Graphite Surface Carbon Consumption 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SINTEF Materials and ChemistryTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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