Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1056–1057 | Cite as

Reply to Discussion of “Characterization of Ceramic Foam Filters Used for Liquid Metal Filtration” and “Electromagnetically Modified Filtration of Aluminum Melts: Part I. Electromagnetic Theory and 30 PPI Ceramic Foam Filter Experimental Results”

  • Mark William Kennedy
  • Shahid Akhtar
  • Jon Arne Bakken
  • Ragnhild Elizabeth Aune
Reply Paper


Lorentz Force Filtration Efficiency Aluminum Melt Ceramic Foam Filter Effective Electrical Conductivity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    S. Ray, B. Milligan, and N. Keegan: Aluminium Cast House Technology 2005, 9th Australasian Conference and Exhibition, Melbourne, Australia, 12–15 September, 2005, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Forchheimer: Z. Ver. Deutsch. Ing, 1901, vol. 45, pp. 1782–88.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Campbell: Mater. Sci. Technol., 2006, vol. 22, pp. 127–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Keegan and S. Ray: An Evaluation of Industrial Filtration Systems, presented at Alcastek, Mumbai, India, M. Nilmani, ed., 2002, pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Leenov and A. Kolin: J. Chem. Phys., 1954, vol. 22, pp. 683–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark William Kennedy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shahid Akhtar
    • 3
  • Jon Arne Bakken
    • 1
  • Ragnhild Elizabeth Aune
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Material Science and EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)TrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Proval Partners S.A.LausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Wire Rod and Extrusion Ingot Cast HousesHydro AluminiumHåvikNorway
  4. 4.Department of Material Science and EngineeringRoyal Institute of Technology (KTH)StockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations